1.    Consider the following statements regarding the Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund (PM-CARES Fund):

1.    The government requires approval from the Parliament for spending from this fund.

2.    The contributions by companies towards this fund will count towards mandatory Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) expenditure.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
The Fund is a public charitable trust with the Prime Minister as its Chairman. Other Members include Defence Minister, Home Minister and Finance Minister.
The Fund enables micro-donations as a result of which a large number of people will be able to contribute with the smallest of denominations.
Statement 2 is correct: Contribution to PM - CARES Fund will qualify as CSR Expenditure.
Statement 1 is incorrect: Spending from the PM CARES Fund does not require approval from the Parliament.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/can-pm-cares-fund-help-children-orphaned-by-covid-19-asks-supreme-court/article36112868.ece


2.    With reference to the Unique Identification Authority of India, consider the following statements:

1.    It is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016.

2.    It is under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister's Office.

3.    It is mandated to assign an 11-digit unique identification (UID) number to all the residents of India.
  Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    1 and 2 only

(c)    3 only

(d)    2 and 3 only
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct and statement 2 is incorrect: The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority established in 2016 by the Government of India under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, following the provisions of the Aadhaar Act 2016.
Statement 3 is incorrect: The UIDAI is mandated to assign a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (Aadhaar) to all the residents of India.
The UIDAI was initially set up by the Government of India in January 2009, as an attached office under the aegis of the Planning Commission.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/inaccessible-uidai-system-leaves-aadhaar-users-in-lurch/article36125632.ece



3.    Which one of the following is a saline lake?

(a)    Pulicat Lake

(b)    Wular Lake

(c)    Loktak Lake

(d)    Sambhar Lake

Explanation
Option d is correct: The Sambhar Salt Lake, India's largest inland salt lake is located in Rajasthan. It surrounds the historical Sambhar Lake Town.
It is the source of most of Rajasthan's salt production.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/sambhar-lake-needs-faster-restoration-says-expert-study/article36129890.ece


4.    Consider the following statements regarding the Supreme Court of India:

1.    The law declared by the Supreme Court is binding on all Courts within the territory of India.

2.    The salaries and pension of the judges of the Supreme Court are determined from time to time by the President of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 2 is incorrect: The salaries, allowances, privileges, leave and pension of the judges of the Supreme Court are determined from time to time by the Parliament. They cannot be varied to their disadvantage after their appointment except during a financial emergency.
Statement 1 is correct: The law declared by the Supreme Court is binding on all Courts within the territory of India. It has the power of judicial review.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/supreme-court-wants-to-hear-at-length-plea-for-lifetime-ban-on-convicted-mps-mlas/article36126304.ece



5.    Consider the following statements regarding the United Nations Security Council:

1.    It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

2.    It consists of 10 non-permanent members elected for two-year terms.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The Security Council was established by the UN Charter in 1945. It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
Its primary responsibility is to work to maintain international peace and security.
Statement 2 is correct: The council has 15 members: the five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members elected for two-year terms.
The five permanent members are the United States, the Russian Federation, France, China and the United Kingdom.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/finding-indias-voice-on-afghanistan/article36127527.ece