1.    Consider the following statements regarding Pneumococcal disease:

1.    ‘Pneumosil’ is India’s first fully indigenously developed pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

2.    Pneumococcal disease is caused by viral infections.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 2 is incorrect: Pneumococcal disease is a name for any infection caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus. Most people carry pneumococcus in their nose and throat, where the bacteria do not cause any symptoms.
Statement 1 is correct: In 2020, India’s first fully indigenously developed pneumococcal conjugate vaccine “Pneumosil” was launched. It prevents pneumococcal disease. It can protect both children and adults from pneumococcal disease.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/chief-minister-launches-pcv-immunisation-drive-for-infants/article36109145.ece


2.    With reference to Cabinet Committees in India, consider the following statements:

1.    All cabinet committees are headed by the Prime Minister of India.

2.    These are constitutional in nature and emerge from Article 77(3) of the Constitution.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect: All cabinet committees except Cabinet Committee on Accommodation and Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs are headed by the Prime Minister.
Statement 2 is incorrect: They are extra-constitutional in emergence. In other words, they are not mentioned in the Constitution. However, the Rules of Business provide for their establishment.
The executive in India works under the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/cabinet-clears-15000-cr-nmp-linked-fdi-proposal/article36106775.ece


3.    With reference to the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, which of the following statements are correct?

1.    It was founded by Dattopant Thengadi.

2.    It is affiliated to the International Trade Union Confederation.

3.    It is the labour wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3

Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh is one of the trade union organizations in India. It was founded by Dattopant Thengadi on 23 July 1955.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The BMS is not affiliated to any International Trade Union Confederation.
Statement 3 is correct: It is the labour wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and forms part of the Sangh Parivar.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/rss-affiliated-trade-union-slams-monetisation-plan/article36105908.ece

4.    Consider the following statements regarding the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE):

1.    It is an advisory body set up by an executive order of the Parliament.

2.    It objective is to provide quality assurance through accreditation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is a statutory body, and a national-level council for technical education, under the Department of Higher Education.
It was first established as an advisory body in 1945 first and later on in 1987 given statutory status by an Act of Parliament.
AICTE is responsible for proper planning and coordinated development of the technical education and management education system in India.
Statement 2 is correct: To provide quality assurance through accreditation is one of its objectives.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-to-launch-online-hackathon/article36106165.ece


5.    Consider the following statements:

1.    Fair and Remunerative Prices are announced by the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices on the recommendation of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.

2.    The State Advised Prices are announced by key sugarcane producing states which are generally higher than Fair and Remunerative Prices.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Central Government announces Fair and Remunerative Prices which are determined on the recommendation of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) and are announced by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, which is chaired by Prime Minister.
Statement 2 is correct: The State Advised Prices (SAP) are announced by key sugarcane producing states which are generally higher than FRP.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/agri-business/sugarcane-fair-and-remunerative-price-hiked-to-290-a-quintal/article36096850.ece