1.    Consider the following statements regarding the Competition Commission of India (CCI):

1.    Its Chairperson must be qualified to be a judge of a High Court.

2.    It is a statutory body responsible for enforcing the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 2 is incorrect: Competition Commission of India (CCI) is a statutory body of the Government of India responsible for enforcing the Competition Act, 2002; it was duly constituted in March 2009.
The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969 (MRTP Act) was repealed and replaced by the Competition Act, 2002, on the recommendations of Raghavan committee.
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Chairperson and every other Member shall be a person of ability, integrity and standing and who, has been, or is qualified to be a judge of a High Court, or, has special knowledge of, and professional experience of not less than fifteen years in international trade, economics, business, commerce, law, finance, accountancy, management, industry, public affairs, administration or in any other matter which, in the opinion of the Central Government, may be useful to the Commission.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/cci-fines-maruti-suzuki-200-crore/article36067092.ece

2.    ‘Chakmas’ and ‘Hajongs’ people belong to which of the following Indian states?

(a)    Arunachal Pradesh

(b)    Andhra Pradesh

(c)    Karnataka

(d)    Telangana
Explanation
Chakmas and Hajongs are ethnic people who lived in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, most of which are located in Bangladesh. Chakmas are predominantly Buddhists, while Hajongs are Hindus.
Option a is correct: They are found in northeast India, West Bengal, Bangladesh and Myanmar. They fled erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1964-65 and came to India and settled in Arunachal Pradesh.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/bid-to-deport-60000-chakmas-from-arunachal-slammed/article36055227.ece

3.    Consider the following statements:

1.    This protected area was established to protect the endangered Bengal tiger.

2.    This protected area is located in North India.

3.    The Project Tiger was launched in this park.
Which of the following protected areas is being described in the above statements?
(a)    Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

(b)    Kaziranga Tiger Reserve

(c)    Corbett Tiger Reserve

(d)    Rajaji Tiger Reserve
Explanation
Option c is correct: Corbett Tiger Reserve is located in Uttarakhand. The Project Tiger was launched in 1973 in Corbett National Park (first National Park of India), which is part of Corbett Tiger Reserve.
The national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger.
The entire area of the reserve is mountainous and falls in the Shivalik and Outer Himalaya geological provinces.
Ramganga, Sonanadi, Mandal, Palain and Kosi are the major rivers flowing through the Reserve.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/delhi-hc-asks-ntca-to-consider-petition-on-corbett-tiger-reserve/article36063289.ece



4.    With reference to the Bhima Koregaon Battle, consider the following statements:

1.    This was fought between the Peshwa forces and the British.

2.    In this battle, the Peshwa army defeated the British troops.

3.    The result of this battle was considered to be a victory against caste-based oppression.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    1 and 2 only

(c)    3 only

(d)    1 and 3 only

Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: A battle was fought in Bhima Koregaon between the Peshwa forces and the British in 1818.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The British troops defeated the Peshwa army. Peshwa Bajirao II had insulted the Mahar community and terminated them from the service of his army. This caused them to side with the English against the Peshwa’s numerically superior army.
Statement 3 is correct: The defeat of Peshwa army was considered to be a victory against caste-based discrimination and oppression.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nia-submits-draft-charges-against-bhima-koregaon-accused/article36054976.ece

5.    Consider the following statements regarding the conditions favourable for the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones:

1.    Large sea surface with temperature higher than 27° C.

2.    Presence of the Coriolis force.

3.    No variations in the vertical wind speed.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3
Explanation
The conditions favourable for the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones are:
Statement 1 is correct: Large sea surface with temperature higher than 27° C
Statement 2 is correct: Presence of the Coriolis force
Statement 3 is incorrect: Small variations in the vertical wind speed
A pre-existing weak low- pressure area or low-level-cyclonic circulation
Upper divergence above the sea level system
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/tauktae-yaas-and-planning-for-the-next/article36067714.ece