1.    Consider the following statements:
1.    Madur mats belong to Andhra Pradesh.
2.    Madurkathi has been awarded the geographical indication (GI) tag.
   Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: Madur mats are unique to West Bengal. ‘Masland’ a fine quality madur mat.
Madurkathi is a rhizome-based plant (Cyperus tegetum or Cyperus pangorei) found abundantly in the alluvial tracts of Purba and Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal.
Statement 2 is correct: Madurkathi was awarded the geographical indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indication Registry in April 2018.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/women-weavers-herald-hope-for-bengals-unique-madur-mat/article36033136.ece

2.    With reference to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), which of the statements are correct?
1.    It was established during the British Rule in India.
2.    Under IMD, yellow colour warning indicates severely bad weather spanning across several days.
3.    The colour- coded weather warning alerts are issued only during heavy rainfall.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,2 and 3
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: India Meteorological Department (IMD) was established in 1875. It is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
Statement 3 is incorrect: The IMD uses 4 colour codes for warning/alerts. These alerts are universal in nature and are also issued during floods, depending on the amount of water rising above land/in a river as a result of torrential rainfall.
Statement 2 is correct: Yellow warning indicates severely bad weather spanning across several days. It also suggests that the weather could change for the worse, causing disruption in day-to-day activities.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/delhi-records-highest-one-day-rain-for-august-in-at-least-13-years-imd-issues-orange-alert/article36028657.ece

3.    Recently, the Gampamallayya Swamy Temple was in the news. It belongs to:
(a) Telangana
(b) Karnataka
           (c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Andhra Pradesh
Explanation: Option d is correct:
The historic Gampamallayya Swamy Temple exists in a dense forest in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh.
Other famous temples in Andhra Pradesh are: Tirumala Venkateswara temple, Penchalakona Lakshmi Narasimha Swami Temple, Kanaka Durga temple, Mallikarjuna Swamy temple ,Sri kalahasthi temple etc.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/a-religious-feat-turns-fatal-for-gampamallayya-swamy-temple-priest/article36029289.ece
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/amaravati/andhra-pradesh-priest-falls-off-hillock-while-performing-puja-dies/articleshow/85514973.cms

4.    Consider the following statements regarding the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India:
1.    It is non-statutory office attached to the Airports Authority of India (AAI).
2.    It regulates tariffs and other charges for aeronautical services at major airports.
 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d)Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 (AERA Act) was passed which set up the AERA as a statutory body.
It was set up, keeping in mind that the country needs to have an independent regulator who has transparent rules and can take care of the interests of the service providers as well as that of the consumers.
Statement 2 is correct: The AERA regulates tariffs and other charges (development fee and passenger service fee) for aeronautical services (air traffic management, landing and parking of aircraft, ground handling services) at major airports.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/explained-will-changes-in-aera-act-help-smaller-airports/article36038936.ece

5.    Consider the following statements regarding oil bonds:
1.    These are special securities issued by the government to oil marketing companies in lieu of cash subsidy.
2.    These bonds are typical of a short-term tenure and oil companies are paid interest.
  Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: Oil bonds are special securities issued by the government to oil marketing companies in lieu of cash subsidy.
Statement 2 is incorrect: These bonds are typical of a long-term tenure like 15-20 years and oil companies are paid interest.
Budget documents show that such bonds will be up for redemption from 2021-2026.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/are-oil-bonds-to-blame-for-high-fuel-prices/article36038743.ece