1.  With regard to Free Trade Agreements (FTA), consider the following statements:
1.  Free trade agreements reduce or eliminate barriers to trade across international borders.
2. Free trade is the opposite of trade protectionism.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 and 2 are correct: A free trade agreement is a pact between two or more nations to reduce barriers to imports and exports among them. Under a free trade policy, goods and services can be bought and sold across international borders with little or no government tariffs, quotas, subsidies, or prohibitions to inhibit their exchange.
The concept of free trade is the opposite of trade protectionism or economic isolationism.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/us-not-interested-in-trade-pact-piyush-goyal/article36001920.ece
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/free-trade.asp

2. Which of the statements given is/are correct regarding Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO)?
1.  POCSO Act has been enacted to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography.
2. The Ministry of Social Justice championed the introduction of the POCSO Act.
3. The act provides for establishment of Special Courts for trial of such offences and related matters and incidents.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation:
Statement 1 and 3 is correct: POCSO Act has been enacted to protect children from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography and provide for establishment of Special Courts for trial of such offences and related matters and incidents.
The Act was amended in 2019, to make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child.
Statement 2 is incorrect: In order to effectively address the heinous crimes of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children through less ambiguous and more stringent legal provisions, the Ministry of Women and Child Development championed the introduction of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/activists-press-for-speedy-resolution-of-pocso-cases/article36009297.ece
https://vikaspedia.in/education/policies-and-schemes/protection-of-children-from-sexual-offences-act

3. Which of the statements given is/are correct with respect to the Malabar Rebellion of 1921?
1. It is an uprising of Muslim tenants against British rulers and local Hindu landlords.
2. It was a tribal revolt.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Malabar rebellion, which is also known as the Moplah (Muslim) riots. It had been an uprising of Muslim tenants against British rulers and local Hindu landlords.
The uprising, which began on August 20, 1921, went on for several months marked by many bouts of bloodstained events. Some historical accounts state the uprising led to the loss of around 10,000 lives, including 2,339 rebels.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Malabar rebellion has often been perceived as one of the first nationalist uprisings in southern India. It has even been described as a peasant revolt. In fact, in 1971, the then Kerala government had included the participants of the rebellion in the category of freedom fighters.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/mappila-riots-a-sign-of-taliban-mindset/article36006277.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/malabar-rebellion-of-1921-explained-7462838/
4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016?
1. It fulfills the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD).
2. Every person with benchmark disability will have right to free education.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 replaces the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.

Statement 1 is correct: It fulfills the obligations to the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), to which India is a signatory.
According to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (RPwD) Act, 2016, enacted on 28.12.2016 and came into force from 19.04.2017, Disability has been defined based on an evolving and dynamic concept.
Statement 2 is incorrect: Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
Source:
https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/differently-abled-welfare/policies-and-standards/rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-act-2016
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-exempts-police-forces-from-disability-reservation-rule-rights-groups-cry-foul/article36006513.ece
5. Which of the following are examples of non-tariff barriers?
1. Quota
2. Sanctions
3. Levies
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation: Option (d) is correct
A nontariff barrier is a way to restrict trade using trade barriers in a form other than a tariff. Nontariff barriers include quotas, embargoes, sanctions, and levies.
Source:
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/n/nontariff-barrier.asp#:~:text=A%20nontariff%20barrier%20is%20a,embargoes%2C%20sanctions%2C%20and%20levies.
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/us-not-interested-in-trade-pact-piyush-goyal/article36001920.ece