1.    Consider the following statements regarding the World Trade Organization (WTO):

1.    It is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.

2.    The Uruguay Round culminated in the Marrakesh Agreement, which established the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.
Although the WTO is not a UN specialized agency, it has maintained strong relations with the UN and its agencies since its establishment.
Statement 2 is correct: The Uruguay Round, conducted from 1987 to 1994, culminated in the Marrakesh Agreement, which established the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The WTO has 164 members (including European Union) and 23 observer governments (like Iran, Iraq, Bhutan, Libya etc).
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/global-goods-trade-continues-recovery-wto/article35988744.ece

2.    Consider the following statements regarding the Sedition Law in India:

1.    This law was originally drafted by Sir James Stephen in 1919.

2.    The judgement of the Supreme Court in Kedar Nath Singh vs State of Bihar case is related to Sedition Law.

3.    Presently, sedition is a crime under Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
    Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 and 3 only

(c)    1 and 3 only

(d)    1,2 and 3

Explanation
Statement 1 is incorrect: Sedition Law was originally drafted in 1837 by Thomas Macaulay, the British historian-politician, but was inexplicably omitted when the Indian Penal Code (IPC) was enacted in 1860.
Section 124A was inserted in 1870 by an amendment introduced by Sir James Stephen when it felt the need for a specific section to deal with the offence.
Statement 3 is correct: Sedition Law Today is a crime under Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC)
Statement 2 is correct: In 1962, the SC decided on the constitutionality of Section 124A in Kedar Nath Singh vs State of Bihar.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/samajwadi-party-mp-shafiqur-rahman-barq-booked-for-comments-on-taliban/article35971416.ece

3.    Consider the following statements regarding the India Meteorological Department (IMD):

1.    It is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

2.    It became a member of the World Meteorological Organisation before independence of India.
    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
Statement 1 is correct: The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India. It is the principal agency responsible for meteorological observations, weather forecasting and seismology. IMD is headquartered in Delhi and operates hundreds of observation stations across India and Antarctica.
IMD is also one of the six Regional Specialised Meteorological Centres of the World Meteorological Organisation. It has the responsibility for forecasting, naming and distribution of warnings for tropical cyclones in the Northern Indian Ocean region, including the Malacca Straits, the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
Statement 2 is incorrect: IMD became a member of the World Meteorological Organisation after independence on 27 April 1949.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/conditions-favourable-for-monsoon-revival-imd/article35988059.ece

4.    Consider the following statements regarding the Collegium System for the appointment of Judges in India:

1.    It is the system of appointment and transfer of judges mentioned in the Indian Constitution.

2.    Judges of the higher judiciary are appointed only through the collegium system.

3.    The Supreme Court collegium is headed by the Chief Justice of India and comprises three other senior most judges of the court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 and 2 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    3 only

(d)    1 and 3 only

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Collegium System is the system of appointment and transfer of judges that has evolved through judgments of the SC, and not by an Act of Parliament or by a provision of the Constitution.
Statement 3 is incorrect: The Supreme Court collegium is headed by the Chief Justice of India and comprises four other senior most judges of the court.
Statement 2 is correct: Judges of the higher judiciary are appointed only through the collegium system and the government has a role only after names have been decided by the collegium.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/collegium-recommends-nine-judges-for-supreme-court/article35982667.ece

5.    Consider the following statements regarding National Human Rights Commission:

1.    It is a statutory body established as per the provisions of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.
2.    It was established in conformity with the Paris Principles.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a)    1 only

(b)    2 only

(c)    Both 1 and 2

(d)    Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: National Human Rights Commission of India is an independent statutory body established on 12 October, 1993 as per provisions of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, later amended in 2006.
Its headquarters are located in New Delhi.
It is the watchdog of human rights in the country, i.e. the rights related to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by Indian Constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India.
Statement 2 is correct: It was established in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted for the promotion and protection of human rights in Paris (October, 1991) and endorsed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 December, 1993.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nhrc-core-group-expresses-concern-over-slow-criminal-justice-reform-process/article35982301.ece