1.Which of the following statements is/are correct about Rajya Sabha?
1. The Government of India Act, 1909 provided for the creation of a ‘Council of State’ as a second chamber.
2. It was decided to have a bicameral legislature for independent India mainly because a federal system was considered to be the most feasible form of Government for India.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b)2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Statement 1 is incorrect: The ‘Council of States’ which is also known as Rajya Sabha, a nomenclature that was announced by the chair in the House on the 23rd August, 1954 has its own distinctive features. The origin of the second Chamber can be traced to the Montague-Chelmsford Report of 1918. The Government of India Act, 1919 provided for the creation of a ‘Council of State’ as a second chamber of the then legislature with a restricted franchise which actually came into existence in 1921. The Governor-General was the ex-officio President of the then Council of State. The Government of India Act, 1935, hardly made any changes in its composition.
Statement 2 is correct: Extensive debate took place in the Constituent Assembly regarding the utility or otherwise of a Second Chamber in Independent India and ultimately, it was decided to have a bicameral legislature for independent India mainly because a federal system was considered to be most feasible form of Government for such a vast country with immense diversities.  A single directly elected House, in fact, was considered inadequate to meet the challenges before free India.

2. Which of the following statements best describes Team CLAW?
(a) A group of retired diplomats working towards peace between India and Pakistan.
(b) A group of retired bureaucrats working towards national integration.
(c) A group of armed forces veterans working towards empowering people with disabilities.
(d) A group of retired doctors working towards increasing awareness about preventive healthcare.

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
A team of people with disabilities on Independence Day embarked upon a journey to trek the Siachen Glacier. They will attempt a world record for the largest group of people with disabilities to scale the highest battlefield in the world.

Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment Virendra Kumar flagged off the expedition, which is being executed by ‘Team CLAW’, a group of armed forces veterans working towards empowering people with disabilities.


3. Who of the following appoints judges of the supreme court?
(a) Collegium of the Supreme Court
(b) The Prime Minister
(c) The Chief Justice of India
(d) The President of India

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
The Chief Justice of India and the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President under clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution.

Appointment to the office of the Chief Justice of India should be of the senior most Judge of the Supreme Court considered fit to hold the office.


4. Which of the following are among the factors responsible for relative backwardness of India’s North Eastern Region (NER)?
1. Low per -capita income
2. Lack of private investment
3. Inadequate infrastructure facilities
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
India’s North Eastern Region (NER) comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura – and constitutes 8% of the country’s geographical area. Among the northeastern states, Meghalaya witnessed the highest decadal population growth rate during 2001-11 while Nagaland saw the lowest.

The NER has immense natural resources, accounting for 34% of the country’s water resources and almost 40% of India’s hydropower potential. The NER is strategically located with access to the traditional domestic market of eastern India, along with proximity to the major states in the east and adjacent countries such as Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Despite its advantages, the NER is categorised as one of the backward regions of India, characterised by low per -capita income, a lack of private investment, low capital formation, inadequate infrastructure facilities, geographical isolation and inadequate utilisation of its mineral resources, hydropower potential, and biodiversity.


5. Cyclone Nisarga was formed in:
(a) Arabian Sea
(b) Bay of Bengal
(c) Gulf of Mannar
(d) Mediterranean sea

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Cyclone 'Nisarga', which formed in the Arabian Sea, was named Nisarga means nature and was termed by India's neighbouring country -- Bangladesh. The name was accorded in a list formulated by a group of countries.