1. “Karma Kagyu” is a sect of which of the following religious traditions?
(a) Jainism
(b) Buddhism
(c) Hinduism
(d) zoroastrianism

Explanation: Option (b) is correct
Thaye Dorje, His Holiness the 17th Gyalwa Karmapa, is the spiritual head of the Karma Kagyu lineage, a Buddhist school in Tibet that is around 900 years old.
The history of this lineage goes back to India. Tilopa, a 10th century Buddhist master, was an important figure, as was the Buddhist master Saraha. The Karma Kagyu itself is a sub-school of the Kagyu tradition, and is named after its founder, the Karmapa.
Source:
https://www.karmapa.org/karma-kagyu/
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-working-for-return-of-karmapa/article35911764.ece

2. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Natural Gas?
1.The largest component of natural gas is Butane.
2.Mercaptan is added to natural gas to give it a distinct and unpleasant odor to help detect leaks in natural gas pipelines.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Natural gas is a fossil energy source that formed deep beneath the earth's surface. Natural gas contains many different compounds. The largest component of natural gas is methane, a compound with one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms (CH4). Natural gas also contains smaller amounts of natural gas liquids (NGL, which are also hydrocarbon gas liquids), and nonhydrocarbon gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor. We use natural gas as a fuel and to make materials and chemicals.
Statement 2 is correct: Because natural gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, natural gas companies add mercaptan to natural gas to give it a distinct and unpleasant odor to help detect leaks in natural gas pipelines. Mercaptan is a harmless chemical that smells like rotten eggs.
Source:
https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/natural-gas/
https://www.thehindu.com/business/ntpc-seeks-global-eoi-for-hydrogen-natgas-pilot/article35918315.ece#:~:text=State%2Drun%20NTPC%20Ltd.%20has,gas%20in%20city%20gas%20distribution.&text=This%20pilot%20will%20be%20the,decarbonising%20India's%20natural%20gas%20grid.

3. Which of the following are among the Greenhouse gases?
1. Carbon dioxide
2. Methane
3. Nitrous Oxide
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
Explanation: Option (d) is correct
In one of the most categorical statements from a scientific body in the UN system, a working group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said in a report released on August 9 that human activities were unequivocally the principal driver of changes in the atmosphere, ocean, cryosphere and biosphere, in other words, of climate change. Man-made emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs), led by carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide since the industrial era, were altering the climate system, raising average surface temperature globally.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/explained-where-will-climate-change-strike/article35918920.ece

4. Blocking a social media account of a person by a company without any justified reason is a violation of:
(a) Directive Principles of State Policy
(b) Fundamental Duty
(c) Fundamental Rights
(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
Blocking a social media account of a person by a company without any justified reason is a violation of freedom of expression (Article 19 which is a Fundamental Right).

Directive Principles of State policy is for the state to follow, not for citizens or entities.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/twitter-unlocks-rahul-gandhis-handle/article35907610.ece

5. Consider the following statements related to the contempt of court:
1.The Contempt of Courts Act, 1971 contains provisions related to it.
2. Contempt of court is always a civil contempt.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
According to the Contempt of Courts Act, 1971, contempt of court can either be civil contempt or criminal contempt. Civil contempt means wilful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other process of a court or wilful breach of an undertaking given to a court.

Source:
https://indianexpress.com/article/what-is/what-is-contempt-of-court-7048008/
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/solicitor-general-disallows-contempt-action-against-katju/article35920429.ece