1. Which of the following factors affect the price of petroleum fuel in India?
1.International crude oil price
2.Rupee-dollar exchange rate
3.Demand-supply situation
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:Option (d) is correct
Some of the factors which affects the price of petroleum fuel in India:
(a) International crude oil price
(b) Rupee-dollar exchange rate.
(c) Demand-supply situation
(d) Transportation cost

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/july-exports-rise-499-imports-surge-63/article35903599.ece
https://www.financialexpress.com/market/commodities/petrol-diesel-price-today-daily-revision-crude-oil-rupee-inventory-impact/739287/

2. “Unicorn companies” are best described as:
(a) Blue chip companies which are listed on stock exchange
(b) Startup companies with a value of over $1 billion.
(c) Companies which take significant steps in protection of environment
(d) Companies which deal in newly emerging technologies.

Explanation: Option (b) is correct
"Unicorn" is a term used in the venture capital industry to describe a privately held startup company with a value of over $1 billion. The term was first popularized by venture capitalist Aileen Lee, founder of Cowboy Ventures, a seed-stage venture capital fund based in Palo Alto, California.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/only-5-out-of-136-unicorn-founders-are-women/article35903627.ece#:~:text=A%20gender%20analysis%20brought%20out,a%20global%20executive%20search%20and
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/u/unicorn.asp

3. BBV154, a term recently in news, is a:
(a) Supersonic missile
(b) Latest blockchain technology
(c) COVID Vaccine
(d) Code name of Tokyo olympic mascot

Explanation:Option (c) is correct
Bharat Biotech’s BBV154 intranasal COVID vaccine has become the first of its kind to receive the regulatory approval for phase 2/3 trials, according to a release issued by the Ministry of Science and Technology.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bharat-biotechs-nasal-covid-19-vaccine-gets-nod-for-phase-23-trial/article35898374.ece

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)?
1. Health and wellness centre is an initiative under this scheme.
2. It does not include non-communicable diseases.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme having central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). It is an umbrella of two major health initiatives, namely Health and wellness Centres and National  Health Protection Scheme.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Under this 1.5 lakh existing sub centres will bring the health care system closer to the homes of people in the form of Health and wellness centres. These centres will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services.

Source:
https://vikaspedia.in/health/nrhm/national-health-mission/ayushman-bharatpm-jan-arogya-yojana
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/over-20-lakh-covid-19-tests-done-under-ab-pm-jay-from-april-2020-to-july-2021/article35899561.ece

5. Silent Valley National Park is located in:
(a) Telangana
(b) Tamil Nadu
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Kerala

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
Silent Valley National Park is a beautiful representation of the last remaining rain forest of Kerala. Historically it’s a paradigm of people’s movement to protect the forest. Silent Valley was declared as a National Park in 1984 and formally inaugurated in the year 1985. Initially there was only 89.52 sq.km. area under the Division which forms the core zone of the National Park. In 2007, an area of 148 sq.km. was added to this Division as a buffer zone. In 1914, Silent Valley forests were declared as Reserved Forest. Till 1921, Silent Valley was part of South Malabar Forest Division with headquarters at Nilambur. During 1921, it came under control of Palakkad Forest Division and managed so until 1988.

Source:
http://www.silentvalley.gov.in/AboutThePark/Ataglance
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/human-wildlife-conflict-forest-department-to-acquire-estates/article35891553.ece