1. Which of the following areas are at risk of landslide?
1. Deforested area
2. Steep slopes
3. Areas where surface runoff is directed
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
A landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope. Landslides are a type of "mass wasting," which denotes any down-slope movement of soil and rock under the direct influence of gravity.

Some areas are more likely to experience landslides or mudflows, including:
●    Areas where wildfires or human modification of the land have destroyed vegetation;
●    Areas where landslides have occurred before;
●    Steep slopes and areas at the bottom of slopes or canyons;
●    Slopes that have been altered for construction of buildings and roads;
●    Channels along a stream or river; and
●    Areas where surface runoff is directed.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/over-40-feared-buried-under-debris-of-major-landslide-in-himachals-kinnaur-army-ndrf-called-in/article35851772.ece#:~:text=An%20official%20government%20statement%20said,the%20debris%2C%20the%20statement%20added.
https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/landslides.html


2. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Socio economic and caste census (SECC) 2011?
1. It is the study of socio economic status of rural households only.
2. It has been conducted under the overall coordination of the Department of Rural Development in the Government of India.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: SECC-2011 is a study of socio economic status of rural and urban households and allows ranking of households based on predefined parameters.

Statement 2 is correct: SECC 2011 has three census components which were conducted by three separate authorities but under the overall coordination of the Department of Rural Development in the Government of India. Census in Rural Areas has been conducted by the Department of Rural Development (DoRD). Census in Urban areas is under the administrative jurisdiction of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA). Caste Census is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs: Registrar General of India (RGI) and Census Commissioner of India.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bjd-demands-caste-based-enumeration-in-upcoming-census/article35857427.ece
https://secc.gov.in/reportlistContent


3.Which of the following statements is/are correct about Kaziranga National Park?
1. It is home of critically endangered one horned rhinoceros.
2. It is a UNESCO world heritage site.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: One of the most sought after wildlife holiday destinations in India, Kaziranga National park’s 430 square kilometer area sprinkled with elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and dense forests is home to more than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros (IUCN: Vulnerable), approximately 2/3rd of their total world population. Formed in 1908 on the recommendation of Mary Curzon, the park is located in the edge of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots – Golaghat and Nagaon district.

Statement 2 is correct: In the year 1985, the park was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/kaziranga-guards-equipped-with-satellite-phones/article35865076.ece#:~:text=Kaziranga%20has%20become%20the%20first,Biswa%20Sarma%20on%20May%2027.
https://www.kaziranga-national-park.com/



4. Which of the following statements is correct about Strategic disinvestment?
(a) The sale of a substantial portion of the Government shareholding of a central public sector enterprise (CPSE) of upto 50% along with transfer of management control.
(b) Sale of less than 50% share in a central public sector enterprise (CPSE) without transfer of management control.
(c) Complete sale of Government shareholding of a central public sector enterprise (CPSE).
(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Strategic disinvestment would imply the sale of substantial portion of the Government shareholding of a central public sector enterprise (CPSE) of upto 50%, or such higher percentage as the competent authority may determine, along with transfer of management control.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/govt-to-completely-exit-erstwhile-psus/article35865102.ece
https://dipam.gov.in/strategic-disinvestment#:~:text=Strategic%20disinvestment%20would%20imply%20the,with%20transfer%20of%20management%20control.


5. Which of the following are among the main objectives of Special Economic Zones (SEZs):
1. Promotion of exports of goods and services
2. Development of infrastructure facilities
3. Promotion of investment from domestic and foreign sources
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
The main objectives of the SEZ Act are:
●    generation of additional economic activity
●    promotion of exports of goods and services
●    promotion of investment from domestic and foreign sources
●    creation of employment opportunities
●    development of infrastructure facilities
It is expected that this will trigger a large flow of foreign and domestic investment in SEZs, in infrastructure and productive capacity, leading to generation of additional economic activity and creation of employment opportunities.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/centre-to-soon-free-up-untapped-space-in-sezs/article35861490.ece#:~:text=%E2%82%B930%2C000%20cr.-,built%20area%20to%20find%20use,Wednesday%20at%20a%20CII%20meet.
http://sezindia.nic.in/cms/introduction.php