1. 102nd amendment act gives constitutional status to which of the following bodies?
(a) National Commission for Scheduled Caste
(b) Central Bureau of Investigation
(c) National Green Tribunal
(d) National Commission for Backward Classes

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
The 102nd Constitution Amendment Act of 2018 inserted articles 338B, which deals with the structure, duties and powers of the National Commission for Backward Classes, and 342A that deals with the powers of the president to notify a particular caste as an SEBC and the power of Parliament to change the list. Article 366 (26C) defines SEBCs.
Source:
https://www.livemint.com/news/india/govt-introduces-constitution-amendment-bill-in-lok-sabha-to-restore-states-rights-on-obc-list-11628503915116.html
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lok-sabha-clears-bill-restoring-right-of-states-to-specify-obc-groups/article35841765.ece

2. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the POCSO Act?
1. The Act defines a child as any person below sixteen years of age.
2. The Act makes it mandatory to report commission of an offence.
Select the correct option using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age, and regards the best interests and well-being of the child as being of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure the healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of the child.
Statement 2 is correct: The Act makes it mandatory to report commission of an offence and also the recording of complaint and failure to do so would make a person liable for punishment of imprisonment for six months or / and with fine. 18.1t is a Punishable action if Police / Special Juvenile Police Unit fails to report a commission of the offence under this act.
Source:https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/three-of-family-held-under-pocso-act/article35847173.ece#:~:text=The%20all%2Dwomen%20police%2C%20Madipakkam,with%20permission%20of%20her%20mother.
https://vikaspedia.in/education/policies-and-schemes/protection-of-children-from-sexual-offences-act

3. Which of the following statements is/are correct about mucormycosis?
1. It is caused by exposure to mould.
2. Responsible microorganisms are found in soil and air.
Select the correct option using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Mucormycosis is a very rare infection. It is caused by exposure to mucor mould which is commonly found in soil, plants, manure, and decaying fruits and vegetables.

Statement 2 is correct: "It is ubiquitous and found in soil and air and even in the nose and mucus of healthy people," says Dr Nair.
It affects the sinuses, the brain and the lungs and can be life-threatening in diabetic or severely immunocompromised individuals, such as cancer patients or people with HIV/AIDS.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/37-cases-of-mucormycosis-treated-in-city-hospital/article35847197.ece
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-57027829

4. Project Pegasus, which is recently in news, is a:
(a) The Israeli spyware
(b) Chinese spy satellite
(c) Russian missile program
(d) NATO’s mission

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Project Pegasus: The Israeli spyware, revealed to have been used to target hundreds of phones in India, has grown less reliant on clicks. Pegasus can infect a device without the target’s engagement or knowledge.
All devices, practically. iPhones have been widely targeted with Pegasus through Apple’s default iMessage app and the Push Notification Service (APNs) protocol upon which it is based. The spyware can impersonate an application downloaded to an iPhone and transmit itself as push notifications via Apple’s servers.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pegasus-case-place-faith-in-sc-and-dont-engage-in-parallel-proceedings-and-debates-says-cji/article35830989.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/pegasus-whatsapp-spyware-israel-india-7410890/


5. Consider the following cities:
1. Mazar-e-Sharif
2. Kandahar
3. Kunduz
Above cities are located in which of the following countries?
(a) Iran
(b) Syria
(c) Iraq
(d) Afghanistan

Explanation:Option (d) is correct
Mazar-e-Sharif, Kandahar, and Kunduz are cities which are facing threat of occupation by Taliban.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-evacuating-staff-from-consulate-in-mazar-e-sharif/article35832915.ece