1. Which of the following statements is/are correct related to criminalization of Politics in India?
1. Representation of people act, 1951 makes it mandatory for the political parties to make public criminal records of its candidates.
2. The information related to criminal records of the candidates should be published in a local as well as a national newspaper as well as the parties’ social media handles.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Supreme Court on Thursday ordered political parties to publish the entire criminal history of their candidates for Assembly and Lok Sabha elections along with the reasons that goaded them to field suspected criminals over decent people.

Statement 2 is correct: The information should be published in a local as well as a national newspaper as well as the parties’ social media handles. It should mandatorily be published either within 48 hours of the selection of candidates or less than two weeks before the first date for filing of nominations, whichever is earlier.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/parties-must-publish-criminal-antecedents-of-candidates-within-48-hours-of-selection-supreme-court/article35829985.ece
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/supreme-court-orders-parties-to-publish-criminal-history-of-candidates/article30808148.ece


2. Which of the following statements best describes microfinance?
(a)  It is a type of banking service provided to unemployed or low-income individuals or groups who otherwise would have no other access to financial services.
(b) Loans provided to MSME sectors are called microfinance.
(c) It is a step in the direction of reducing financial inclusion.
(d) None of the above

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Microfinance, also called microcredit, is a type of banking service provided to unemployed or low-income individuals or groups who otherwise would have no other access to financial services.

It leads to an increase in financial inclusion.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/mfis-urge-rbi-to-drop-urban-rural-difference-for-borrowers/article35845373.ece
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/m/microfinance.asp


3. Which of the following statements are correct about the next scheduled census of India?
1. For the first time, the individual data collected in the Census will be made public.
2. The forthcoming Census is to be the first digital Census.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The individual data collected in Census under the Census Act, 1948, are not made public as per the provisions contained in the Act. The individual data are not used for the preparation of any other database, including the National Register of Citizens. Only the aggregated Census data at various administrative levels are released.

Statement 2 is correct: The forthcoming Census is to be the first digital Census and there is a provision for self-enumeration.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/census-activities-put-off-due-to-covid-19-minister-tells-lok-sabha/article35844318.ece

4. Which of the following is the objective of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana?
(a) To rescue women in difficult circumstances like trafficking.
(b) To popularize LED lights.
(c)  To make clean cooking fuel such as LPG available to the rural and deprived households.
(d) None of the above
Explanation: Option (c) is correct
In May 2016, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MOPNG), introduced the ‘Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana’ (PMUY) as a flagship scheme with an objective to make clean cooking fuel such as LPG available to the rural and deprived households which were otherwise using traditional cooking fuels such as firewood, coal, cow-dung cakes etc. Usage of traditional cooking fuels had detrimental impacts on the health of rural women as well as on the environment.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-launches-ujjwala-20-targets-previous-govts-for-taking-decades-to-fulfil-peoples-basic-needs/article35837614.ece
https://www.pmuy.gov.in/

5. The World Health Organization is headquartered in which of the following cities?
(a) Paris, France
(b) Nairobi, Kenya
(c) New York, United States
(d) Geneva, Switzerland

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that works worldwide to promote health, keep the world safe, and serve the vulnerable. The organization was established on 7 April 1948 – a date now celebrated every year as World Health Day.
WHO headquarters is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/expand-food-basket-under-pds-says-who-scientist/article35847030.ece#:~:text=To%20ensure%20that%20sufficient%20nutrition,of%20the%20World%20Health%20Organisation.
https://www.pharmapproach.com/world-health-organization-who-country-offices-and-contact-details/