1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)?
1. It was created by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO) and World Bank.
2. The IPCC is an organization of governments that are members of the United Nations or WMO.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Created in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization(WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the objective of the IPCC is to provide governments at all levels with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies. IPCC reports are also a key input into international climate change negotiations.

Statement 2 is correct: The IPCC is an organization of governments that are members of the United Nations or WMO. The IPCC currently has 195 members. Thousands of people from all over the world contribute to the work of the IPCC.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/south-india-to-see-more-rain-as-planet-heats-up/article35823915.ece
https://www.ipcc.ch/about/


2. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Tribunals?
1. Tribunals are mentioned in the Constitution of India.
2. The Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 provides for a Central administrative tribunal while a separate act has been enacted by each state for state administrative tribunals.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Administrative Tribunals Act owes its origin to Article 323-A of the Constitution which empowers Central Government to set-up by an Act of Parliament, Administrative Tribunals for adjudication of disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to the public service and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union and the States.
Statement 1 is correct: In pursuance of the provisions contained in the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985, the Administrative Tribunals set-up under it exercise original jurisdiction in respect of service matters of employees covered by it. As a result of the judgement dated 18 March 1997 of the Supreme Court, the appeals against the orders of an Administrative Tribunal shall lie before the Division Bench of the concerned High Court.
The Administrative Tribunals exercise jurisdiction only in relation to the service matters of the litigants covered by the Act. The procedural simplicity of the Act can be appreciated from the fact that the aggrieved person can also appear before it personally. The Government can present its case through its departmental officers or legal practitioners. Thus, the objective of the Tribunal is to provide for speedy and inexpensive justice to the litigants.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Act provides for the establishment of the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) and the State Administrative Tribunals.

Source:
https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/money-and-banking/sats-split-verdict-leaves-pnb-carlyle-deal-in-limbo-case-may-go-to-apex-court/article35823562.ece
https://knowindia.gov.in/profile/the-union/administrative-tribunals.php


3. Who of the following buys products at Government e-Marketplace (GeM)?
1. Common public can buy goods auctioned by the Government departments.
2. Government ministries
3. Autonomous bodies of the central government

Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
GeM is a short form of one stop Government e-Market Place hosted by DGS&D where common user goods and services can be procured. GeM is dynamic, self sustaining and user friendly portal for making procurement by Government officers.
Public procurement forms a very important part of Government activity and reform in Public Procurement is one of the top priorities of the present Government. Government e-Marketplace (GeM - gem.gov.in) is a very bold step of the Government with the aim to transform the way in which procurement of goods and services is done by the Government Ministries and Departments, Public Sector Undertakings and other apex autonomous bodies of the Central Government.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/centre-saved-10-in-cost-via-gem-purchase/article35825831.ece
https://www.india.gov.in/spotlight/government-e-marketplace-procurement-made-smart#tab=tab-1

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the collegium system of judicial appointment?
1. The President of India is the head of the collegium.
2. Chief Justice of India and four senior most judges of the SC are members of the collegium.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect and 2 is correct:
The collegium system is headed by the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court. India’s Constitution originally stipulated that the judges of the Supreme Court and high courts would be appointed by the President based on a process of “consultation” with senior judges. The present collegium system emerged later based on three key rulings. In 1981, the “First Judges Case” ruled that the process of consultation with the CJI and other judges did not require a consensus about recommendations. Essentially, the ruling gave the central government “primacy in judicial appointments.” In 1993, the “Second Judges Case” overturned this decision and introduced the collegium system, arguing that “consultation” required “concurrence.” Specifically, the ruling said that the process of appointing judges would be based on “an institutional opinion formed in consultation with the two senior-most judges in the Supreme Court” and the CJI. In 1998, the “Third Judges Case” ruled that the collegium would be a five-member body, establishing the system that is most similar to the one currently being followed.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/govt-delaying-collegium-recommendations-on-appointment-of-judges-to-high-courts-says-sc/article35826108.ece#:~:text=The%20Centre's%20delay%2C%20for%20months,in%20an%20order%20on%20Monday.
https://www.epw.in/engage/article/collegium-system-indian-judiciary-needs-be

5.Which of the following is/are among the findings of the The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)?
1. Glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region will keep shrinking.
2. The snow cover will come down to a lower level.
3. Extreme precipitation is projected to increase in major mountainous regions .
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3  only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct and 2 is incorrect: Glaciers in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region will keep shrinking and the snow cover will retreat to higher altitudes, the latest IPCC report said on Monday.
Statement 3 is correct: The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), approved by 195 member-countries, warned that extreme precipitation is projected to increase in major mountainous regions with potential cascading consequences of floods, landslides and lake outbursts in all scenarios.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/global-warming-likely-to-blow-past-paris-limit-un-reports-code-red-warning/article35811161.ece