With reference to Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, consider the following statements:

 

    Under this scheme, prescribed premium is 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 5% for all Rabi crops.

 

    The scheme is being administered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana was launched in 2016.It provides a comprehensive insurance cover against failure of the crop thus helping in stabilising the income of the farmers.

Scope: All food & oilseed crops and annual commercial/horticultural crops for which past yield data is available.

Statement 1 is incorrect: The prescribed premium is 2% to be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops. In the case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the premium is 5%.

Statement 2 is correct:The scheme is being administered by Ministry of Agriculture.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/rajasthan-seeks-compensation-for-farmers-from-pm-scheme/article35777365.ece

 

    Which of the following statements is/are correct?

 

    Prorogation suspends the work in a sitting for a specified time which may be hours, days or weeks.

 

    Adjournment means the termination of a session of the House by an order made by the President.

 

    Dissolution ends the very life of the existing House and a new House is constituted after general elections are held.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 3 only

 

(d) 2 and 3 only

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: Prorogation means the termination of a session of the House by an order made by the President under article 85(2)(a) of the Constitution. Prorogation terminates both the sitting and session of the House.

Statement 2 is incorrect: An adjournment suspends the work in a sitting for a specified time, which may be hours, days or weeks. In this case, the time of reassembly is specified.

Statement 3 is correct: Dissolution ends the very life of the existing House, and a new House is constituted after general elections are held.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ls-passes-taxation-laws-amendment-central-universities-amendment-bills-amid-din/article35763398.ece

 

    Consider the following passage:

“He received training in European and Academic style from European artists. However, during the last decade of the 19th century, he developed distaste for European naturalism. He was arguably the first major exponent of an artistic idiom that sought to modernise the Mughal and the Rajput styles in order to counter the influence of Western models of art under the colonial regime.His unique interpretation of Swadeshi themes created a new awakening and heralded a revival of Indian art. He was the creator of the iconic ‘Bharat Mata’ painting.”

Which of the following personalities is being described in the above passage?

(a) Raja Ravi Varma

(b) GaganendranathTagore

 

(c) Abanindranath Tagore

 

(d) Nandalal Bose

Explanation: Option c is correct:

Abanindranath Tagore was a nephew of Rabindranath Tagore. In his youth, Abanindranath received training in European and Academic style from European artists.

However, during the last decade of the 19th century, he developed distaste for European naturalism (which represented things closer to the way one sees them - inspired by the principles of natural science).

He leaned towards painting images with historic or literary allusions. He drew inspiration from Mughal miniatures. In Bengal, a new group of nationalist artists gathered around Abanindranath Tagore.

He was arguably the first major exponent of an artistic idiom that sought to modernise the Mughal and the Rajput styles in order to counter the influence of Western models of art under the colonial regime.

His unique interpretation of Swadeshi themes created a new awakening and heralded a revival of Indian art.

He was the creator of the iconic ‘Bharat Mata’ painting.

Victoria Memorial Hall is the custodian of the Rabindra Bharati Society collection, the single-largest collection of works by the artist.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/celebrations-begin-to-mark-150-years-of-iconic-artist-abanindranath-tagore/article35766597.ece

 

    Consider the following statements regarding the National Investigation Agency (NIA):

 

    It is a central agency to investigate and prosecute offences against atomic and nuclear facilities.

 

    It implements international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations, its agencies and other international organisations.

 

    It is also the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigation on behalf of Interpol Member countries.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

 

(c) 1 and 3 only

 

(d) 1,2 and 3

Explanation:

The National Investigation Agency (NIA) was constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008.

Statement 1 is correct: It is a central agency to investigate and prosecute offences:

    affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India, security of State, friendly relations with foreign States.
    against atomic and nuclear facilities.
    smuggling in High-Quality Counterfeit Indian Currency.

Statement 2 is correct: It implements international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations, its agencies and other international organisations.

Its objective is also to combat terror in India.

It acts as the Central Counter-Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.

Statement 3 is incorrect: Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the nodal police agency in India which coordinates investigation on behalf of Interpol Member countries.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/nia-arrests-one-more-person-for-links-with-is-inspired-module/article35775461.ece

 

    With reference to the Indian Judiciary, consider the following statements:

 

    The territorialjurisdiction of a high court is co-terminus with the territory of astate.

 

    The Constitution does not specify the strength of a high court and leaves its determination to the Parliament.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

 

(b) 2 only

 

(c) Both 1 and 2

 

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

The institution of high court originated in India in 1862 when the high courts were set up at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The Constitution of India provides for a high court for each state, but the Seventh Amendment Act of 1956 authorised the Parliament to establish a common high court for two or more states or for two or more states and a union territory.

Statement 1 is correct: The territorial jurisdiction of a high court is co-terminus with the territory of a state. Similarly, the territorial jurisdiction of a common high court is co-terminus with the territories of the concerned states and union territory.

Every high court (whether exclusive or common) consists of a chief justice and such other judges as the president may from timeto time deem necessary to appoint.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Thus, the Constitution does not specify the strength of a high court and leaves it to the discretion of the president.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/allahabad-high-court-slams-up-police-over-falling-standards/article35759020.ece