1.    With reference to Electronic Way Bill (e-Way Bill),consider the following statements:

1.    It is a compliance mechanism wherein the person causing the movement of goods uploads the relevant information after the commencement of movement of goods.

2.    It offers the technological framework to track both intra-state as well as inter-state movements of goods.
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Electronic Way Bill is a compliance mechanism wherein by way of a digital interface the person causing the movement of goods uploads the relevant information prior to the commencement of movement of goods and generates an e-way bill on the Goods and Services Tax (GST) portal.
Statement 2 is correct: An electronic way bill or ‘e-way bill’ system offers the technological framework to track intra-state as well as inter-state movements of goods of value exceeding Rs 50,000, for sales beyond 10 km in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime.
It was launched to facilitate faster movement of goods and improve the turnaround time of vehicles.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/no-e-way-bills-from-aug-1-for-gst-return-non-filers/article35755079.ece

2.    Consider the  following statements regarding tenure of the Supreme court judges:

1.    A judge can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament.

2.    As per the Constitution, the judges hold office for a term of five years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
     Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Constitution has not fixed the tenure of a judge of the Supreme Court. However, it makes the following three provisions in this regard:
He holds office until he attains the age of 65 years. Any question regarding his age is to be determined by such authority and in such manner as provided by Parliament.
He can resign his office by writing to the president.
Statement 1 is correct: He can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pegasus-allegations-serious-truth-has-to-come-out-in-snooping-issue-supreme-court/article35738465.ece

3.    Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Enforcement Directorate?

1.    This organization is mandated with the task of enforcing the provisions of the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 and the Foreign Exchange Management Act.

2.    Its administrative control is under the Department of Revenue.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) Both 1 and 2
(b) 2 only

(c) 1 only

(d)  Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Enforcement Directorate
Statement 1 is incorrect: It is a Multi-Disciplinary Organization mandated with the task of enforcing the provisions of two special fiscal laws – Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA) and Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA).
Statement 2 is correct: In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as ‘Enforcement Directorate’. The administrative control of the Directorate was transferred from Department of Economic Affairs to Department of Revenue in 1960.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/bangalore/ima-scam-ed-raids-roshan-baig-and-zameer-ahmed-khan/article35737637.ece


4. Recently, Agalega Island was in the news. It is located in which of the following oceans?
(a) The Indian Ocean
(b) The Atlantic Ocean
(c) The Pacific Ocean

(d) The Arctic Ocean

Explanation: Option A is correct: Agaléga are two outer islands of Mauritius located in the Indian Ocean, about 1,000 kilometres north of Mauritius Island.
The islands are known for their coconuts, the production of which is their main industry, and for the Agalega day gecko.
There is a Memorandum of Understanding between the governments of Mauritius and India to develop the Agaléga islands and resolve infrastructural problems faced by Agaleans.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/no-plan-to-house-indian-military-base-on-agalega-island-mauritius/article35755505.ece


5. With reference to the Indian Parliament, consider the following statements:
1.    The Rajya Sabha represents the people of India as a whole.

2.    The Third Schedule of the Constitution deals with the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and union territories.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House (Second Chamber or House of Elders) and the Lok Sabha is the Lower House (First Chamber or Popular House). The former represents the states and union territories of the Indian Union, while the latter represents the people of India as a whole.
Statement 2 is incorrect: The Fourth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and union territories.
Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/in-about-one-hour-rajya-sabha-passes-3-bills-amid-din/article35727574.ece