1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In)?
1. It works under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
2. It is the national nodal agency for responding to computer security incidents.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
CERT-In, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, has been operational since January 2004. The constituency of CERT-In is the Indian Cyber Community. CERT-In is the national nodal agency for responding to computer security incidents as and when they occur.
CERT-In has been designated to serve as the national agency to perform the following functions in the area of cyber security:
●    Collection, analysis and dissemination of information on cyber incidents.
●    Forecast and alerts of cyber security incidents
●    Emergency measures for handling cyber security incidents
●    Coordination of cyber incident response activities.
●    Issue guidelines, advisories, vulnerability notes and whitepapers relating to information security practices, procedures, prevention, response and reporting of cyber incidents.
●    Such other functions relating to cyber security as may be prescribed.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/cert-in-observed-more-than-607-lakh-cyber-security-incidents-till-june-2021-government/article35726974.ece#:~:text=The%20Indian%20Computer%20Emergency%20Response,the%20Lok%20Sabha%20on%20Wednesday.
https://cert-in.org.in/


2. Which of the following are among the landlocked countries in Africa?
1.Ethiopia
2.South Africa
3.South Sudan
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (b) is correct
Out of Africa's 55 countries, 16 of them are landlocked: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, South Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/ethiopia-suspends-two-aid-groups-in-tigray/article35732719.ece
https://www.thoughtco.com/african-countries-that-are-landlocked-4060437#:~:text=Out%20of%20Africa's%2055%20countries,Uganda%2C%20Zambia%2C%20and%20Zimbabwe.


3.  Which of the following statements is correct about “Doctors Without Borders”?
(a) It is one of the specialized agencies of the UN.
(b) It is a intergovernmental body which works in war affected areas
(c) It is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organisation that delivers emergency aid to people.
(d) None of the above

Explanation:Option (c) is correct
Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is an international, independent, medical humanitarian organisation that delivers emergency aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, natural disasters and exclusion from healthcare.

MSF offers assistance to people based on need, irrespective of race, religion, gender or political affiliation.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/ethiopia-suspends-two-aid-groups-in-tigray/article35732719.ece
https://www.msfindia.in/what-is-msf/


4. Which of the following statements is/are incorrect about the Central Pollution Control Board?
1. It is a statutory body.
2. It was constituted under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:Option (d) is correct
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, (i) to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and (ii) to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/lok-sabha-passes-air-quality-commission-bill-for-nrc-adjoining-areas/article35723205.ece
https://cpcb.nic.in/Introduction/

5. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Vice President of India?
1. He is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament.
2. He is a member of Rajya Sabha.

Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
Statement 1 is correct: The Vice-President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote and the voting in such election is by secret ballot. The Electoral College to elect a person to the office of the Vice-President consists of all members of both Houses of Parliament*.

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Vice-President is not a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state. If a member of either House of Parliament or of a House of a Legislature of any state is elected as Vice-President, he is deemed to have vacated his seat in that House on the date he/she enters his office as Vice-President.

Source:
http://164.100.47.5/Chairman-Rajyasabha/VPElection.htm
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/parliament-proceedings-opposition-rejects-venkaiah-naidus-truce-offer-to-discuss-farmer-protests/article35717711.ece