1. Shreya Singhal case is most closely related to:
(a) Right to freedom of speech
(b) Right to equality
(c) Right against exploitation
(d) Right to religious freedom

Explanation: Option (a) is correct
In 2015, the apex court struck down Section 66A of the IT Act, 2000 in the landmark case Shreya Singhal v. Union of India, calling it “open-ended and unconstitutionally vague”, and thus expanded the contours of free speech to the Internet.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sc-asks-states-to-respond-to-plea-that-says-citizens-are-still-being-booked-under-section-66a-of-it-act/article35675720.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-the-shreya-singhal-case-that-struck-down-section-66a-of-it-act-7408366/


2.Which of the following statements is/are correct about Purchasing Managers’ Index?
1. The PMI is widely used to anticipate changing economic trends in official data such as GDP.
2. The Chief Economic advisory, Ministry of commerce publishes the index.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Purchasing Managers’ Index™ (PMI™) is a survey-based economic indicator designed to provide a timely insight into business conditions. The PMI is widely used to anticipate changing economic trends in official data such as GDP, or sometimes as an alternative gauge of economic performance and business conditions to official data, as the latter sometimes suffer from delays in publication, poor availability or data quality issues.

Statement 2 is incorrect: The PMI is produced globally by IHS Markit although a small number of trade associations also produce local PMIs in certain markets, such as the ISM in the United States. The Ministry of Commerce does not publish PMI.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-business/pmi-hints-at-manufacturing-recovery/article35691834.ece
https://ihsmarkit.com/products/pmi-faq.html

3.  Which of the following statements is/are correct about e-RUPI?
1. It has been developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).
2. It has potential to help in targeted, transparent and leakage free delivery.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: The e-RUPI platform, has been developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and the National Health Authority is a cashless and contactless digital payments medium, which will be delivered to mobile phones of beneficiaries in form of an SMS-string or a QR code.

Statement 2 is correct: This will help everyone in targeted, transparent and leakage free delivery.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-modi-launches-digital-payment-solution-e-rupi/article35681167.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/business/banking-and-finance/prime-minister-pm-narendra-modi-launches-e-rupi-cashless-and-contactless-digital-payment-solution-7434724/


4. Which of the following statements best describes Food fortification?
(a) It is a food processing technique to make the food product long lasting.
(b) It is the practice of adding vitamins and minerals to commonly consumed foods during processing to increase their nutritional value.
(c) It is a genetic modification technique to reduce loss of food by insecticides.
(d) None of the above

Explanation:Option (b) is correct
Food fortification is defined as the practice of adding vitamins and minerals to commonly consumed foods during processing to increase their nutritional value. It is a proven, safe and cost-effective strategy for improving diets and for the prevention and control of micronutrient deficiencies.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/experts-raise-concerns-over-mandatory-fortification-of-food-items/article35685066.ece#:~:text=In%20a%20pushback%20against%20the,impacts%20on%20health%20and%20livelihoods.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8066912/#:~:text=Food%20fortification%20is%20defined%20as,and%20control%20of%20micronutrient%20deficiencies.


5. Consider the following statements related to POCSO Act:
1. It is gender neutral as it recognises that boys can be victims of sexual violence as well.
2. It narrowed down the definition of sexual assaults to make it more specific.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: The POCSO Act was enacted in 2012 and is gender neutral — it recognises that boys can be victims of sexual violence as well. It defines a child as someone under the age of 18. The Indian Penal Code does not recognise that sexual assault can be committed on boys.

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Act also increased the scope of reporting sexual crimes against children. It expanded the definition of sexual assault to include non-penetrative sexual assault as well as aggravated penetrative sexual assault (sections 3 to 10), and also included punishment for persons in positions of trust of authority like public servants, staff of educational institutions, police etc.


Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/man-held-under-pocso-act-in-selaiyur/article35691619.ece#:~:text=Personnel%20from%20the%20Selaiyur%20police,street%20as%20the%20victim's%20residence.
https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/what-pocso-act-and-how-it-used-guide-143310