1. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Central Information Commission?
1. The Prime Minister is the chairperson of the committee to select members of CIC.
2. Members shall not be eligible for reappointment.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Section 12(3) of the RTI Act 2005 provides the following as the composition of the committee for selection of information commissions:
(i) The Prime Minister, who shall be the Chairperson of the committee;
(ii) The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha ; and
(iii). A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
Statement 2 is correct: Section 13 of the RTI Act 2005 provides that the Chief Information Commissioner shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office and shall not be eligible for reappointment:
Source:
https://cic.gov.in/who-are-we
https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/cic-flays-govts-denial-of-details-on-oxygen-panel/article35672966.ece

2. Withania somnifera, a term recently in news, is a:
(a) Traditional Indian medicinal herb
(b) A recently discovered critically endangered animal
(c) An exotic weed from Africa which has been replacing Indian weeds in farms.
(d) None of the above

Explanation:Option (a) is correct
‘Ashwagandha’ (Withania somnifera), commonly known as ‘Indian winter cherry’, is a traditional Indian herb that boosts energy, reduces stress and makes the immune system stronger. It is an easily accessible, over-the-counter nutritional supplement in the U.K. and has a proven safety profile.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-uk-to-conduct-clinical-trials-of-ashwagandha-for-promoting-recovery-from-covid-19/article35662451.ece

3. Which of the following statements is/are correct about genetically modified organisms (GMO)?
1. No threshold has been set for genetically modified organisms (GMO) in food crops imported into India.
2. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is responsible for setting a threshold limit for GMO food crops in India.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:Option (b) is correct
The one per cent threshold for genetically modified organisms (GMO) in food crops imported into India, set by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) in a recent order, is unacceptably high, the Coalition for a GM-Free India wrote in a letter to the government.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/poultry-industry-seeks-extension-of-loans-import-of-gm-soybean/article35666545.ece
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/health/fssai-s-gmo-threshold-for-imported-food-crops-unacceptably-high-says-letter-to-health-minister-75675


4. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Right of Persons with Disabilities Act?
1. The Act has provided for reservation in higher education and government and private jobs for people with disability.
2. Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Rights and entitlements Under the Right of Persons with Disability Act:
●    Responsibility has been cast upon the appropriate governments to take effective measures to ensure that the persons with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.
Statement 1 is incorrect:
●    Additional benefits such as reservation in higher education (not less than 5%), government jobs (not less than 4 %), reservation in allocation of land, poverty alleviation schemes (5% allotment) etc. have been provided for persons with benchmark disabilities and those with high support needs.
Statement 2 is correct:
●    Every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years shall have the right to free education.
●    Government funded educational institutions as well as the government recognized institutions will have to provide inclusive education to the children with disabilities.
●    For strengthening the Prime Minister's Accessible India Campaign, stress has been given to ensure accessibility in public buildings (both Government and private) in a prescribed time-frame.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/delhi-hc-seeks-details-of-vacancies-for-disabled-in-civil-services-exam/article35665808.ece
https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/differently-abled-welfare/policies-and-standards/rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-act-2016


5. Which of the following are among the P5 countries?
1. Germany
2. UK
3. Italy
Select the option using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation: Option (c) is correct
The Security Council has 15 members:
●    5 permanent members with veto power:
○    China
○    France
○    Russian Federation
○    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
○    United States of America
●    10 non-permanent members, five of which are elected each year by the General Assembly for a two-year term
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/as-india-assumes-presidency-of-unsc-jaishankar-talks-of-international-law/article35670086.ece#:~:text=Jaishankar%20laying%20out%20the%20policy,Security%20Council%20Presidency%20in%20August.&text=India%20will%20always%20be%20a%20voice%20of%20moderation%2C%20an%20advocate,international%20law%2C%E2%80%9D%20said%20Mr.
https://ask.un.org/faq/14518