1. Which of the following is/are correct about Parliamentary privilege?
1. Privileges do not find mention in the Constitution.
2. Courts are prohibited from inquiring into the validity of any proceedings in Parliament on the ground of an alleged irregularity of procedure.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: The Constitution of India specifies some of the privileges. These are freedom of speech in Parliament; immunity to a member from any proceedings in any court in respect of anything said or any vote given by him in Parliament or any committee thereof; immunity to a person from proceedings in any court in respect of the publication by or under the authority of either House of Parliament of any report, paper, votes or proceedings.

Statement 2 is correct: Courts are prohibited from inquiring into the validity of any proceedings in Parliament on the ground of an alleged irregularity of procedure. No officer or Member of Parliament empowered to regulate procedure or the conduct of business or to maintain order in Parliament can be subject to a court’s jurisdiction in respect of exercise by him of those powers.No person can be liable to any civil or criminal proceedings in any court for publication in a newspaper of a substantially true report of any proceedings of either House of Parliament unless the publication is proved to have been made with malice. This immunity is also available for reports or matters broadcast by means of wireless telegraphy.This immunity, however, is not available to publication of proceedings of a secret sitting of the House.

Source:
https://rajyasabha.nic.in/rsnew/rsat_work/CHAPTER%E2%80%948.pdf
https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/no-immunity-for-acts-of-vandalism-in-house-sc/article35598200.ece

2. Which of the following best describes Antibody?
(a) It is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances.
(b) It is an external substance which triggers the immune system to produce antigen.
(c) It is fatty acid produced to fight diseases.
(d) None of the above

Explanation:Option (a) is correct
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals.
Antibodies may be produced when the immune system mistakenly considers healthy tissue a harmful substance. This is called an autoimmune disorder.
Each type of antibody is unique and defends the body against one specific type of antigen.
Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-kerala-has-the-lowest-seroprevalance-among-21-states-mp-has-the-highest-icmr-study/article35594182.ece
https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002223.htm

3. Which of the following is/are correct about passage of ordinary bills in the Parliament?
1. Private Members' Bills are bills introduced by non-members of a house.
2. Under no circumstances, a bill can be published in the Gazette without being introduced in a house.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Subject to the provisions of the Constitution, a Bill may originate in either House of Parliament. From the procedural point of view, the Bills may be categorised as— (i) Government Bills i.e., Bills initiated by Ministers; (ii) Private Members' Bills i.e., Bills introduced by members who are not Ministers; (iii) Bills to replace Ordinance promulgated by the President when Parliament is not in session; (iv) Money and Financial Bills; and (v) Bills to amend the Constitution.

Statement 2 is incorrect: After a Bill has been introduced, it is published in the Official Gazette as soon as possible. But even before introduction, a Bill might, with the permission of the Chairman, be published in the Gazette. In such a case, which is rare, leave to introduce the Bill is not necessary and it is straightaway introduced.

Source:
https://rajyasabha.nic.in/rsnew/practice_procedure/legislative_procedure.pdf
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/amid-din-parliament-clears-important-bills-without-debate/article35586235.ece

4. Which of the following is/are correct about Parliamentary Committees?
1. It is a committee which is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker.
2. Standing Committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Parliamentary Committee means a Committee which is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker and which works under the direction of the Speaker and presents its report to the House or to the Speaker and the Secretariat for which is provided by the Lok Sabha Secretariat.

By their nature, Parliamentary Committees are of two kinds: Standing Committees and Ad hoc Committees. Standing Committees are permanent and regular committees which are constituted from time to time in pursuance of the provisions of an Act of Parliament or Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha. The work of these Committees is of continuous nature. The Financial Committees, DRSCs and some other Committees come under the category of Standing Committees.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Ad hoc Committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report. The principal Ad hoc Committees are the Select and Joint Committees on Bills. Railway Convention Committee, Joint Committee on Food Management in Parliament House Complex etc also come under the category of ad hoc Committees.

Source:
http://164.100.47.194/Loksabha/Committee/CommitteeHome.aspx
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/bjp-mp-nishikant-dubey-moves-privilege-motion-against-shashi-tharoor/article35582907.ece

5. Which of the following are among the initiatives of National Education Policy (NEP)?
1. Credit transfer system.
2. Engineering programmes in regional languages
3. The four-year undergraduate degree
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:Option (d) is correct
On the first anniversary of the National Education Policy (NEP), the Centre plans to officially roll out some initiatives promised in the policy, such as a credit transfer system that will allow multiple entry and exit options in higher education, as well as engineering programmes in regional languages. However, other promised reforms such as the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI), the four-year undergraduate degree, and the common university entrance test, are not ready yet.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/pm-to-roll-out-academic-credit-bank-for-almost-300-top-institutions/article35593569.ece