1. Consider following statements related to sectors of Indian economy:
1. Agriculture and allied sectors contribute more than one third in India’s Gross Value Added.
2. India, being a highly diversified country, attracts more than ten percent of global tourist arrivals.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Gross Value Added by Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing estimated at $276.37 bn in FY20. The share of agriculture and allied sectors in gross value added (GVA) of India at current prices stood at 17.8 % in FY20.

Statement 2 is incorrect: India, in spite of its huge potential, attracts only 1.2 percent share in world tourist arrivals.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/parliament-proceedings-215-million-lost-jobs-in-tourism-sector-says-kishan-reddy/article35573233.ece
https://www.investindia.gov.in/sectors



2.Which of the following is/are correct about the South - west monsoon season?
1. The period June to September is referred to as the 'Southwest Monsoon' period.
2. Positive Indian Ocean dipole is linked to better monsoon rainfall.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: The period June to September is referred to as the 'Southwest Monsoon' period. Southwest Monsoon period is the principal rainy season for the Indian subcontinent.  This is the summer monsoon period where the southwest monsoon holds sway over the country.  The whole country receives nearly 75% of its rainfall during this period.

Statement 2 is correct: It has been observed that during the period of positive IOD, the Indian summer monsoon rainfall is considerably good as compared to the negative IOD period.   

Source:     
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/capital-sees-highest-amount-of-rainfall-in-july-since-2003/article35572928.ece
http://www.imdchennai.gov.in/swweb.htm
https://www.downtoearth.org.in/blog/the-great-indian-monsoon-and-its-friends-49503


3. Consider following statements about Aviation Turbine Fuel:
1. Aviation Turbine Fuel is a specialized byproduct of crude or petroleum used to power aircraft.
2. ATF is considered as a luxury product and is placed in the highest GST slab rate.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Aviation Turbine Fuel is a specialized byproduct of crude or petroleum used to power aircraft.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Five petroleum products – crude oil, natural gas, ATF, petrol and diesel are outside the GST structure.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/business/Industry/indigo-net-loss-widens-on-fuel-covid-impact/article35571155.ece
https://petrobazaar.com/aviation-turbine-fuelatf-10445.html#:~:text=Aviation%20Turbine%20Fuel%20is%20a,petroleum%20used%20to%20power%20aircraft.
https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/natural-gas-jet-fuel-may-come-under-gst-101617992835880.html#:~:text=said%20requesting%20anonymity.-,Five%20petroleum%20products%20%E2%80%93%20crude%20oil%2C%20natural%20gas%2C%20ATF%2C,are%20outside%20the%20GST%20structure.&text=Finance%20minister%20Nirmala%20Sitharaman%20said,diesel%20and%20petrol%20under%20GST.


4.Which of the following is/are correct about Human Rights Watch?
1. It is an intergovernmental organization.
2. The Helsinki Accords is most closely related to Human Rights Watch.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
 
Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Human Rights Watch, formerly (1978–88) Helsinki Watch, international nongovernmental organization that investigates and documents human rights violations and advocates for policies to prevent such abuses.

Statement 2 is correct: Founded in 1978 as Helsinki Watch to monitor the Soviet Union’s adherence to the Helsinki Accords, the group subsequently expanded in size and scope. It adopted its current name in 1988. Its headquarters are in New York City.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/israeli-war-crimes-apparent-in-gaza-assault-says-hrw/article35570509.ece
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Human-Rights-Watch


5. Which of the following is/are correct about the PM CARES Fund?
1. President is the ex-officio Chairman of the fund.
2. The fund does not get any budgetary support.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is incorrect: Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the PM CARES Fund and Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Finance, Government of India are ex-officio Trustees of the Fund.
Statement 2 is correct: The fund consists entirely of voluntary contributions from individuals/organizations and does not get any budgetary support.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/can-pm-cares-funds-be-extended-to-all-orphaned-during-pandemic-asks-sc/article35562319.ece
https://www.pmcares.gov.in/en/web/page/about_us