1. Which of the following international conferences/treaties are related to Disaster Management?
1. Beijing Platform for Action (1995)
2. Yokohama Strategy Plan (1994)
3. The Hyogo Framework for Action (2005)

Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:Option (b) is correct
The mid nineties and the subsequent decade saw much international debate & discussion around Disaster Response & Preparedness. Some of the notable and more impactful ones were the Yokohama Strategy Plan (1994) & the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005), adopted by the UN. During the same period India faced some of its most severe natural calamities like Orissa Super Cyclone (1999), Gujarat Earthquake (2001) and Indian Ocean Tsunami (2004). This succession of events and the International environment brought to fore the need for a comprehensive disaster management plan. This led to the enactment of the Disaster Management Act on December 26th , 2005. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was constituted to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
The Disaster Management Act has statutory provisions for the constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/uddhav-for-permanent-ndrf-teams-in-high-risk-districts/article35526635.ece
http://www.ndrf.gov.in/about-us


2.  Which of the following is/are correct about The Ramappa temple or Rudreswara Temple?
1.This UNESCO world heritage site is located in Warangal in the state of Telangana.
2.It is an ancient site constructed by king Ramappa, a contemporary of Buddha.
Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: Rudreswara Temple also known as Ramappa temple, located at Palampet, Mulugu district, near Warangal in the state of Telangana has made it to UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The decision was taken at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO held on Sunday in China.

Statement 2 is incorrect: Ramappa temple, a 13th century temple (so not an ancient architecture) named after its architect, Ramappa, was proposed by the government as its only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/telanganas-ramappa-temple-inscribed-as-a-world-heritage-site/article35522471.ece
https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/how-telangana-ramappa-temples-made-it-to-unescos-world-heritage-list-7423075/


3.  Which of the following statements is correct about Zoji La pass?
(a) It connects Himachal Pradesh with Kashmir valley.
(b) It connects Kullu Valley with Ladakh.
(c) It connects Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
(d) It connects Kashmir valley and Ladakh.

Explanation: Option (d) is correct
Zojila Pass is an important connector between the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh has now been opened by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO). The pass is located at a height of 11650 ft, and is an important road in these high regions of the country.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/deal-for-disengagement-at-gogra-hot-springs-in-sight-at-12th-round-of-india-china-corps-commander-level-talks/article35524796.ece
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/travel/travel-news/indias-high-mountain-pass-zoji-la-has-now-been-reopened/as82200952.cms#:~:text=Kashmir%2DLadakh%20Zojila%20Pass%20that,high%20regions%20of%20the%20country.


4. Which of the following is/are correct about removal proceedings against the President of India?
1. The charge shall be preferred by either House of Parliament.
2. The President shall have the right to appear and be represented at investigation for the purpose.

Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:Option (c) is correct
Article 61: Procedure for impeachment of the President
(1) When a President is to be impeached for violation of the Constitution, the charge shall be preferred by either House of Parliament
(2) No such charge shall be preferred unless
(a) the proposal to prefer such charge is contained in a resolution which has been moved after at least fourteen days notice in writing signed by not less than one fourth of the total number of members of the House has been given of their intention to move the resolution, and
(b) such resolution has been passed by a majority of not less than two thirds of the total membership of the House
(3) When a charge has been so preferred by either House of Parliament, the other House shall investigate the charge or cause the charge to be investigated and the President shall have the right to appear and to be represented as such investigation
(4) If as a result of the investigation a resolution is passed by a majority of not less than two thirds of the total membership of the House by which the charge was investigated or cause to be investigated, declaring that the charge preferred against the President has been sustained, such resolution shall have the effect of removing the President from his office as from the date on which the resolution is so passed

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/president-kovind-completes-four-years-in-office/article35528572.ece
https://indiankanoon.org/doc/594857/


5. Which of the following statements is/are correct about Overseas Citizenship of India?
1. A foreign national who was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after 26th January, 1950 is eligible for it.
2. Physical or virtual presence of both the spouses is essential for processing Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) card applications for one of them.

Select the correct statement using the code given below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:
Statement 1 is correct: A foreign national, - (i) who was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after 26th January, 1950; or (ii) who was eligible to become a citizen of India on 26th January, 1950; or (iii) who belonged to a territory that became part of India after 15th August, 1947; or (iv) who is a child or a grandchild or a great grandchild of such a citizen; or (v) who is a minor child of such persons mentioned above; or (vi) who is a minor child and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India - is eligible for registration as OCI cardholder. Besides, spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder and whose marriage has been registered and subsisted for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the application is also eligible for registration as OCI cardholder.

Statement 2 is incorrect:The Delhi High Court has said that the Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO) cannot insist on the physical or virtual presence of both the spouses for processing Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) card applications for one of them.

Source:
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/presence-of-both-spouses-not-mandatory-for-oci-card-application-says-hc/article35529454.ece#:~:text=Delhi%20High%20Court-,'Neither%20physical%20nor%20virtual%20presence%20needed',applications%20for%20one%20of%20them.
https://ociservices.gov.in/
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/presence-of-both-spouses-not-mandatory-for-oci-card-application-says-hc/article35529454.ece