1. Which of the following countries became the first country in the world to officially classify Bitcoin as legal currency?

(a) China

(b) Brazil

(c) El Salvador

(d) Kenya

 

Explanation:Option (c) is correct

El Salvador has become the first country in the world to officially classify Bitcoin as legal currency.

 

The new law means every business must accept Bitcoin as legal tender for goods or services, unless it is unable to provide the technology needed to do the transaction.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/business/rbi-plans-digital-currency-pilots-soon/article35477102.ece#:~:text=The%20Reserve%20Bank%20of%20India,bank%20digital%20currency%20(CBDC).

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-57398274

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1.The Personal Data Protection Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament to ensure privacy of citizens and businesses.

  1. Right to Privacy is a fundamental right in India.

Select the correct statement using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 (“PDPB”) was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Electronics and Information Technology – to provide protection of privacy of individuals relating to their Personal Data, and to establish a Data Protection Authority of India for the said purposes and the matters concerning the personal data of an individual. The bill was clearly a step in the right direction. However due to insufficient information, the bill is still pending.

 

Statement 2 is correct: Right to Privacy has been declared as a fundamental right by the Supreme Court of India.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/israel-eyes-spyware-export-curbs-macron-merkel-troubled-by-abuse-reports/article35469606.ece

https://www.financialexpress.com/brandwagon/why-india-is-indifferent-to-the-data-privacy-issue/2193807/

 

 

3.Which of the following is/are correct about UPSC?

  1. Members of UPSC are appointed by a collegium with the President as a head.
  2. The Chairman or any other member of a Public Service Commission shall only be removed from his office by the Parliament.

 

Select the correct statement using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The Chairman and other members of a Public Service Commission shall be appointed, in the case of the Union Commission or a Joint Commission, by the President, and in the case of a State Commission, by the Governor of the State:

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Chairman or any other member of a Public Service Commission shall only be removed from his office by order of the President on the ground of misbehaviour after the Supreme Court, on reference being made to it by the President, has, on inquiry held in accordance with the procedure prescribed in that behalf under article 145, reported that the Chairman or such other member, as the case may be, ought on any such ground to be removed.

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/sc-gives-upsc-aspirants-liberty-to-approach-govt-for-another-chance/article35467093.ece

https://www.upsc.gov.in/about-us/constitutional-provisions/article-317-removal-and-suspension-member-public-service-commission

 

 

  1. Which of the following is/are correct about the United Nations General Assembly?
  2. It comprises all the 193 Members of the United Nations.
  3. The Assembly is empowered to give binding orders to States on international issues within its competence.

Select the correct statement using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: Established in 1945 under the Charter of the United Nations, the General Assembly occupies a central position as the chief deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. Comprised of all 193 Members of the United Nations, it provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter. It also plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law.

 

Statement 2 is incorrect: The Assembly is empowered to make recommendations (not binding orders) to States on international issues within its competence. It has also initiated actions – political, economic, humanitarian, social and legal – which have benefited the lives of millions of people throughout the world.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/unga-president-elect-to-meet-modi-on-july-23/article35471825.ece

https://www.un.org/en/ga/about/background.shtml

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following is/are correct about Microplastics?
  2. Microplastics are intentionally added in primary sources such as personal care products and clothing products.
  3. Microplastics become part of the marine food chain and get retained in the tissue of fish.

 

Select the correct statement using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct: The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) defines microplastics as plastic particles smaller than 5 millimetre.

Microplastics are intentionally added in primary sources such as personal care products and clothing products; or secondary sources that are formed by fragmentation of plastic over a period of time.

Statement 2 is correct: We generally assume that plastic waste disposed of into a water channel will not impact us. However, studies indicate that microplastics become part of the marine food chain and get retained in the tissue of fish, which is ultimately consumed by humans.

 

Source:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/study-finds-microplastics-pollution-in-the-ganga/article35468678.ece#:~:text=An%20analysis%20of%20the%20stretches,which%20are%20insoluble%20in%20water.&text=Microplastics%20are%20recognised%20as%20a%20major%20source%20of%20marine%20pollution.

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/blog/environment/microplastics-microbeads-what-you-did-not-know-about-self-care-products-71619