Q1. Consider the following statements:

  1. 1. Groundwater carries dissolved mineralsin solution, which gets deposited as stalagmites or 
  2. Nunataks and aretes are the result of glacial erosion in areas where multiple glaciers flow in multiple directions.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Statement 1 is correct.Groundwater carries dissolved minerals in solution, which gets deposited as stalagmites or stalactites.

Statement 2 is correct. Nunataks, aretes, are the result of glacial erosion in areas where multiple glaciers flow in multiple directions.

https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/glacial-landforms.htm

https://www.ck12.org/earth-science/landforms-from-groundwater-erosion-and-deposition/lesson/Landforms-from-Groundwater-Erosion-and-Deposition-HS-ES/

Q2.With reference to Indian citizenship, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Under section 14A of the Citizenship Act 1955, the governmentof Indiawould compulsorily register every citizen of India and issue a National Identity Card.
  2. NRIs would also be included in the National Population Register of India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Statement 1 is correct.Under section 14A of the Citizenship Act 1955, the governmentof Indiawould compulsorily register every citizen of India and issue a National Identity Card.

Statement 2 is incorrect.By definition, an NRI is not a usual resident of the country. Therefore, they would not be in the NPR till they are non residents. When they come back to India and take up usual residence within the country, they will be included in the NPR.

http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-Common/FAQs.html#C

Q3. Consider the following statements:

  1. Section 144 of Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) empowers the authorities to punish for sedition.
  2. Restrictions under Section 144 of CrPC are different from curfew, where all the public activities are barred.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Statement 1 is incorrect. Section 144 empowers the administration - technically a district magistrate or any other executive magistrate, to issue order in urgent cases of nuisance or apprehended danger.For example, restricting the protesters from gathering against or in favour of the controversial law. Section 124 A of IPC empowers the authorities to punish for misuse of Sedition law in India.

Statement 2 is correct. Restrictions under Section 144 of CrPC are different from curfew, where all the public activities are barred.

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/what-is-section-144-of-the-crpc-1629613-2019-12-19

Q4.With reference to the National Investigation Agency (NIA), which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. NIA functions as a Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency wherever CBI directs it to do so.
  2. Appeals against the investigations done by NIA can be made only to the High Court or the Supreme Court of India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only

 (b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

 (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Statement 1 is incorrect.At present NIA is functioning as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in India.

Statement 2 is incorrect. NIA Special courts are notified by the Govt. of India for trial of the cases arising out of offences committed in various states of the Union of India.

https://www.nia.gov.in/about-us.htm

Q5. ‘Good Governance Day’ is observed in India on 25th December every year to mark the birth anniversary of which of the following leaders of India?

(a) Atal Bihari Vajpayee

 (b) Lal Bahadur Shatri

 (c) Dr B.R Ambedkar

(d) Mahatma Gandhi

Option A is correct.. ‘Good Governance Day’ is observed in India on 25th December every year to mark the birth anniversary of ShriAtal Bihari Vajpayee.

https://www.indiatoday.in/information/story/good-governance-day-2019-some-meaningful-quotes-by-atal-bihari-vajpayee-1631363-2019-12-25

Ques   Ans

1-(c)

2-(a)

3-(b)

4-(d)

5-(a)

Mains Ques:

  1. What are the various issues associated with the Gender Gap in India? Which are the initiatives have been taken by the government to reduce gender gap and also suggest some measures to further improve the situation?