Mughal Garden is now Amrit Udyan

Why in the news?

  • On December 28, the iconic Mughal Garden was renamed "Amrit Udyan". On the occasion of 75 years of independence with the theme of "Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav." The president of India is pleased to give a name to the Rashtrapati bhavan gardens as Amrit Udyan.
  • The president said it is to shred the symbol of colonialism and is an aspiration for India for Amrit Kaal.

About Mughal Garden

  • It was built in 1928-29.
  • Edwin Lutyens designed it.
  • It incorporates both Mughal as well as English landscaping styles. 
  • The garden has two channels that interact at the right angle and divide the garden into a grid of squares– a char bagh (the typical characteristic of the Mughal styling).
  • The garden has six lotus-shaped fountains at the crossings of the channels that rise to the height of 12 feet. 
  • The garden features are fountains, canals, terraces, waterways, sunk courts, high walls, etc.
  • The garden initially included the East Lawn, Central Lawn, Long Garden, and Circular Garden.
  • The presidents developed the garden, especially by Dr APJ Abdul Kalam and Ram Nath Kovind, such as Herbal-I, Herbal-II, and Tactile garden for the visually challenged, Bonsai Garden, and Arogya Vanam.
  • President R Venkataraman added Cactus Garden.  

Why is it in Mughal style?

  • The inspiration for making a garden was taken from the Mughal gardens of Jammu Kashmir.
  • The architecture was based on the gardens of Medieval Persia, particularly the char bagh structure, described by Babur in his memoir "Baburnama".
  • The char bagh style was intended to create a representation of perfect harmony with the elements of nature.

Imprints by Edwin Lutyens about the history of the garden

  • In 1917, the plan submitted by Edwin Lutyens for the garden had a grid of parterres, water channels, and walkways behind the erstwhile Vuceroy's palace.
  • Lutyens fused the elements of European flower gardens, like flowerbeds, lawns, and private hedges, with the Mughal canals and terraces. 
  • The planting started in 1928-29.
  • The director of horticulture, William Mustoe, collaborated with Edwin Lutyens.
  • Sarojini Naidu suggested the name of the garden, "garden of unity", but it was never adopted. Moreover, the garden is known as the Mughal Garden. 


The architect K. T. Ravindran believes that the garden's renaming is inappropriate given that it was created in a Persian or Mughal style. Edwin Lutyens purposefully incorporated Mughal architectural elements when creating the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the Viceroy's House) as part of the British appeasement plan. 


2521, Hudson Lane Vijay Nagar,
Near GTB Nagar Metro Station, Delhi
Ph.: 97173 80832 | 88605 88805

More Details

Plot No. 48, 1st & 2nd Floor,
Behind Sargam Talkies, Zone 2,
M.P Nagar, Bhopal
Ph.: 75099 75361 | 91798 95361

More Details

111-117, 1st Floor, Veda Building,
Bhawar Kuan Square, Indore
Ph.: 98937 72941 | 0731-497 7441

More Details

A1, 2nd Floor, Mamoor Plaza
Above Airtel Office, 2nd Cross Road, 
5th Block, Koramangala, Bengaluru
Ph.: 76191 66663 | 080-4854 4393

More Details

Ph.: 9289772007

56/4 G. Floor & 32, Old Rajendra Nagar, 
Bada bazaar Road, Near Salwan Public School, 
Gate No.2, Delhi
Ph.: 98112 93743 | 011-4517 0303

More Details

Office No. 42, 2nd Floor, 
OM HEERA PANNA Co-op. Society,
Opp. City International School, Oshiwara,
Jogeshwari (West), Mumbai – 400 102
Ph. 98712 65599 | 882600 2521

More Details

2nd Floor keisamthong Hodam Leirak
Thoudabhabok Machin, 
Imphal West,
Ph.: 96502 45599

More Details

4th Floor, Chinar Heights, 
Near Chinar Colony, Baghat
Dist- Srinagar, J&K- 190005
Ph.: 9871235599

More Details

403-404, Apex Tower,
Lal Kothi, Tonk Road,
Ph.: 82908 00441 | 0141-4052 441

More Details

Above Toyota Showroom,
Exhibition Road, 
Near Gandhi Maidan, Patna
Ph.: 74639 50774 | 0612- 2500 961

More Detail

College More, PTI Building
2nd Floor, Sector - V, Salt Lake
Kolkata, West Bengal 700091
Ph.: 9007709895

More Details

2nd floor, Houses No: 3-6-111/7&6,
Above PUMA Showroom,
Liberty Main Road, Himayatnagar,
Hyderabad – 500 029
Ph. 79960 66663 | 882600 2521

More Details