Indian Armed Forces
All You Need To Know About Indian Armed Forces
1. Assam Rifles (AR)
The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force of IndiaThe unit can trace its lineage back to a paramilitary police force that was formed under the British in 1835 called Cachar Levy. Since then the Assam Rifles have undergone a number of name changes - the Assam Frontier Police (1883), the Assam Military Police (1891) and Eastern Bengal and Assam Military Police (1913), before finally becoming the Assam Rifles in 1917. Assam Rifles play a crucial role to counter North-East insurgency. Since 2002, Assam Rifles are also guarding the Indo-Myanmar border comprising of 1,643 Kms.
2. Border Security Force (BSF)
The Border Security Force (BSF) (Hindi: सीमा सुरक्षा बल) is the primary Border guarding force of India. It is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of the Union of India, it was raised in the wake of the 1965 War on 1 December 1965, "for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected there with". It is a Central Armed Police Force charged with guarding India's land border during peacetime and preventing transnational crime. It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs.
3. Central Industry Security Force (CISF)
The Central Industrial Security Force (C.I.S.F) (established in its present form: 15 June 1983) is a Central Armed Police Force in India.It was set up under an Act of the Parliament of India on 10 March 1969 with a strength of 2,800. CISF was subsequently made an armed force of the Republic of India by another Act of Parliament passed on 15 June 1983. Its current sanctioned strength is 142,526 personnel. It is directly under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs and its headquarters are at New Delhi.
4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF; Hindi: केंद्रीय रिजर्व पुलिस बल) is the largest of India's Central Armed Police Forces. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India. The CRPF's primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and counter insurgency. It came into existence as the Crown Representative's Police on 27 July 1939. After Indian Independence, it became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28 December 1949.
5. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) (Hindi:भारत-तिब्बत सीमा पुलिस बल) is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of India, raised on 24 October 1962, under the CRPF Act, in the wake of the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The ITBP was intended for deployment along India's border with China's Tibet Autonomous Region
6. National Security Guard (NSG)
The National Security Guard (NSG) is an Indian special forces unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was raised in 1984, following Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi, "for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances".The NSG personnel are often referred to in the media as Black Cats because of the black dress and black cat insignia worn on their uniform
7. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
Sashastra Seema Bal or SSB, in English the Armed Border Force (rarely translated into English in Indian usage), is one of India's Central Armed Police Forces. It is currently under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India. The Special Service Bureau (also abbreviated SSB) was set up in early 20 December 1963, following the Sino-Indian War. The primary task of the force was to provide armed support for the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW),