For Prelims: Tribal Dance

For Mains: Significance of national tribal dance festival, various forms of dance.  

Why in News?

On state foundation day, the third edition of the national tribal dance festival, held in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, attracts performers worldwide.

  • More than 1,500 dancers traveled for the festival from India and Mozambique, Mongolia, Tonga, Russia, Indonesia, Maldives, Serbia, New Zealand, and Egypt.

What does the National Tribal Dance Festival entail?

  • One of Chhattisgarh's grand festivals, the National Tribal Dance Festival, honors various tribal communities and their cultures worldwide and from India.
  • The Chhattisgarh Department of Tourism and Culture is in charge of organizing it.
  • The purpose of this festival is to bring together the tribal communities and give everyone a chance to learn about their rich culture.
  • A second National Tribal Dance Festival will be held in 2021 after the first one in 2019.

What exactly are the Indian folk and tribal dances?

  • Simple dances are performed in Indian folk and tribal dances to express joy and happiness among one another.
  • Every conceivable celebration, including the change of the seasons, the birth of a child, a wedding, and festivals, is marked by the performance of folk and tribal dances.
  • Some dances are performed exclusively by men and women, while others feature both sexes dancing.

Major Folk and Tribal Dances Forms of India

State - Folk/Tribal Dance Form

Assam -  Bagurumba, Bihu, Bhortal, Assam, Jhumur

Arunachal Pradesh - Bardo Chham

Chhattisgarh - Raut Nacha

Goa - Fugdi

Gujarat - Dandia Raas, Garba

Himachal Pradesh - Nati

Haryana - Ras Leela

Jammu and Kashmir - Dumhal

Kerala - Chakyar Koothu, Duffmuttu, Margamkali, Oppana, Padyani, Theyyam, Thirayattam

Madhya Pradesh - Grida, Maanch, Matki, Phulpati

Nagaland - Chang Lo, Cheraw

Maharashtra - Lavani, Parvi Nach

Punjab - Bhangra, Giddha, Kikkli

Odisha - Chhau, Goti Pua, Baagh Naach, Dalkhai, Dhap, Gumra, Karma Naach, Keisabadi

Puducherry - Garadi

Rajasthan - Ghoomar, Kalbelia, Kachchhi Ghodi

Tamil Nadu - Parai Attam, Kaaragattam, Kolattam, Mayil Attam, Paampu Attam, Oyilattam, Puliyattam, Poikal Kudirai Attam, Theru Koothu

Tripura - Hojagiri

Uttar Pradesh - Mayur Nritya, Charukala

West Bengal - Gambhira, Alkap, Domni

Sikkim - Singhi Chaam

Source: TH