For prelims: National Technical Textiles Mission, Make in India, Ministry of Textiles, Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for the Textiles Sector. 

For mains: Need of technical textiles and benefits of Technical textiles. 

Why in the news?

The Ministry of Textiles recently approved 23 strategic research projects worth roughly Rs 60 crores under the National Technical Textiles Mission in the areas of Specialty fibers, Sustainable Textiles, Geotextiles, Mobiltech, and Sports textiles.

What do we need to know about technical textiles?

  • Technical textiles are useful fabrics with uses in many different industries, such as automotive, civil engineering, healthcare, agriculture, industrial safety, personal protection, etc.
    • The demand for technical textile products is influenced by a nation's development and industrialization.
  • Agrotech, Meditech, Buildtech, Mobiltech, Clothtech, Oekotech, Geotech, Packtech, Hometech, Protech, Indutech, and Sportech are the 12 usage-based technical textile segments.
    • For instance, the term "mobiltech" can refer to items used in automobiles like seat belts and airbags, airplane seats, geotech—which is incidentally the subsegment with the fastest growth—used to retain soil, etc.

What do we know about the National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM)?

  • About National Technical Textiles Mission:
    • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved it in 2020 with a total outlay of Rs. 1480 crore.
    • The four-year implementation period runs from the fiscal years 2020–21 to 2023–24.
  • Aim of National Technical Textiles Mission:
    • By increasing the domestic market's size from USD 40 billion to USD 50 billion by 2024, the mission aims to establish India as a global leader in technical textiles.
    • Additionally, it backs the "Make in India" initiative, which encourages domestic production of relevant machinery and equipment.
  • Components:
    • First component: With a $1 billion investment, it will concentrate on innovation, research, and development.
      • The study will focus on the development of biodegradable technical textiles as well as geo, agro, medical, sports, and mobile textiles at the fiber level.
      • The development of domestic machinery and process equipment will be a key area of research activity.
    • Second component: It will serve to advance and expand the technical textiles market.
      • In contrast to developed nations, where the penetration of technical textiles is between 30 and 70%, India has a low level, between 5 and 10%.
      • By 2024, the Mission intends to experience average annual growth of 15% to 20%.
    • Third component:  Its main objective is to promote exports so that by 2021–2022, technical textile exports from the nation will increase from Rs 14,000–20,000 crores and experience an average growth rate of 10% per year until the mission is completed.
      • Technical textiles will have a council for export promotion.
    • Fourth component: Education, training, and skill development will be its main priorities.
      • The goal is to advance technical education at higher levels of engineering and technology in areas where technical textiles are used.

What is the Scenario of the textile sector?

  • With a current growth rate of 8% annually, technical textiles have accelerated in India over the last five years.
    • In the following five years, it seeks to accelerate this growth to a range of 15-20%.
  • According to estimates, the Indian technical textiles market is worth USD 16 billion, or roughly 6% of the USD 250 billion global technical textiles market.
    • The United States, western Europe, China, and Japan account for 20–40% of the global market share.

Implementation & Governance of textile sector?

  • Three institutional tiers, including the following, will work together to carry out the mission:
    • Mission Steering Group: All financial guidelines pertaining to the mission's plans, components, and the program will be subject to group approval.
      • All technological and scientific research projects related to the mission will need to be approved by the group.
    • Empowered Programme Committee: All projects (aside from research projects) that fall within the budgetary parameters of different programs that have been authorized by the Mission Steering Group must receive approval from the committee.
      • The task of overseeing the execution of various mission components will also fall to the committee.
    • Committee on Technical Textiles on Research, Development & Innovation:  In order for research projects to be approved by the Mission Steering Group, this committee will be in charge of identifying and recommending them.
      • These initiatives will be focused on important fields like atomic energy, space exploration, security, and defense.

What other projects are there involving technical textiles?

  • Producing high-value Man-Made Fiber (MMF) fabrics, apparel, and technical textiles are encouraged by the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for the Textiles Industry.
  • Technical Textile Harmonized System of Nomenclature (HSN) Codes: The Government of India assigned 207 HSN codes to technical textiles in 2019 to assist in tracking import and export statistics as well as in providing financial assistance and other incentives to manufacturers.
  • 100% FDI under the Automatic Route: 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is permitted by the Indian government via the automatic route. Some manufacturers of technical textiles from around the world have already started doing business in India, including Ahlstrom and Johnson & Johnson.
  • Technotex India:  A flagship event, it includes exhibitions, conferences, and seminars with the participation of stakeholders from all points along the world's technical textile value chain. It is organized by the Ministry of Textiles in partnership with the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI).
  • Improve exports and inadvertently encourage investment in textile machinery through the Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme.

Source: PIB