India Beyond Earth
A tremendous spike in the consumption of space for a variety of civilian and military objectives has been witnessed in recent years, in contrast to scientific and astronomical accomplishments in exploring the outer solar system.
Military and space organizations are increasingly collaborating. The military's reach today extends to transcend land and water. In an ongoing effort to prove their predominance over the others, nations such as the United States, China, and Russia militarize and weaponize space.
Countries are not allowed to launch "any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other sorts of weapons of mass devastation" into orbit around the planet as stipulated by the Outer Space Treaty.
The future security of the world might be severely impacted by the unchecked militarization and armament of space, which would additionally jeopardize vital civilian space-based infrastructure services including communication, navigation, broadcasting, and remote sensing.
About the Militarisation of Outer Space
In order to build space warfare capabilities, the militarization of space implies the deployment and advancement of military equipment in outer space.
The warfare that actually occurs outside of the atmosphere, in outer space, is considered to be space warfare. Examples are mentioned below:
Using the Earth to attack satellites is known as ground-to-space warfare. Satellites attacking satellites is regarded as space-to-space combat.
Technically speaking, it eliminates ground-to-space combat, wherein orbiting objects engage in combat.
The World's Potential for Space Militarization
France took the initiative to perform its first space military exercise, ASTERIX in 2021.
By the year 2024, China hopes to have a permanent base on the Moon in cis-Lunar space, while also developing its Tiangong Space Station in low Earth orbit (region beyond geosynchronous orbit).
In terms of enhancing its potential for combat, the United States of America has constructed a brand-new branch of the military termed the Space Force.
About the Outer Space Treaty, 1971
A treaty that serves as the foundation of international space law is indeed the Outer Space Treaty, formally referred to as the Convention on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Utilization of Outer Space, including that of the Moon as well as the Other Celestial Bodies. The Outer Space Treaty is ratified by India.
It is against the law for nations to orbit the Earth with nuclear bombs or any other sort of WMD.
The employment of such weapons on celestial bodies such as the moon or in outer space is explicitly outlawed underneath the treaty, and all parties commit to utilizing them solely for neutral ends.
The position India holds on the militarization of space
Dangling Polarity in the Situations We Face Today:
India's civilian space agency, the Indian Space Research Organization, has always had exclusive control over space. In terms of space security, India has consistently embraced a pacifist approach and has condemned militarization and armament in space.
Indian policy toward space has changed over the last ten years, and national security considerations have become a stronger determinant than ever before. India is putting its focus on the humanitarian utilization of space, rather than a morally motivated agenda.
Despite the fact that India hasn't decided to give up on its non-weaponization policy, it has considered that by taking no action and neglecting recent innovations in space, it might become vulnerable to a wide range of dangers to its space assets.
Recently Occurring Events:
With a focus on Chinese threats, India performed its first-ever simulated space warfare operation in 2019 (IndSpaceX), and in the same year, Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite weapon, was experimentally validated.
The tri-service Defense Space Agency's (DSA) launch has also entirely eliminated the military from the shadows of civil space.
In order to aid in the development of space-based armaments for the DSA, India has constructed the Defence Space Research Agency (DSRA). As with land, water, air, and cyberspace, space is acknowledged as a military domain.
To promote commercial engagement in the space industry, the Indian government authorized the formation of IN-SPACe in 2020. IN-SPACe is an autonomous nodal entity under the Department of Space.