Why in the news?

Every year on September 15 in India, National Engineering Day is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, one of the country's greatest engineers.

Three goals serve as the foundation for the celebration of Engineering Day: to honor all of the nation's engineers, to honor M. Visvesvaraya, and to inspire people to value engineers' work and their contributions to the development of society.

What do we need to know about Engineers' Day and Sir Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya?

  • Sir M. Visvesvaraya's birth anniversary was declared National Engineering Day by the Indian government in 1968.  
  • Sir Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya, a civil engineer and statesman, was born on September 15, 1860, into a Telugu Brahmin family.
  • He served as the 19th Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1919, a span of seven years. 
  • The construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore, the implementation of the Deccan Plateau irrigation system, the flood protection system for Hyderabad, etc. are some of Sir M Visvesvaraya's most well-known accomplishments. 
  • The Mysore Soap Factory, Bangalore Agricultural University, State Bank of Mysore, Mysore Iron and Steel Works, Government Engineering College, and numerous other businesses were founded by Sir M Visvesvaraya.  
  • Several prestigious honors, including the Bharat Ratna and the Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire, were bestowed upon Sir M. Visvesvaraya.

Sir Moksha Gundam Visvesvaraya’s contribution and achievements

  • Sir MV is credited with developing "block systems." To increase the water supply level and storage, he patented and set up an irrigation system with water floodgates at a reservoir close to Pune.
  • Following the installation of this irrigation system at the Khadakvasla Reservoir, it was also installed at the Tigra Dam in Gwalior, the Krishnaraja Sagara Reservoir, and the KRS Dam in Mysuru.
  • According to the Institution of Engineers in India (IEI), Sir MV is frequently referred to as the "precursor of economic planning in India."
  • "Reconstructing India," published in 1920, and "Planned Economy of India," published in 1934, are two of his notable works.
  • His contributions and labor also helped TATA Steel engineers create a bulletproof armored vehicle. This automobile served in World War 2. 
  • In 1915, while serving as the Diwan of Mysore, Sir Visvesvaraya received a knighthood. 
  • Later, in 1955, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, and he passed away in 1962.

The Significance of National Engineering Day 2022 

  • The celebration of National Engineering Day in 2022 marks its 55th anniversary. 
  • The purpose of the holiday is to honor Visvesvaraya and to celebrate the contributions of engineers to our society. 
  • The intention is to inspire the nation's young engineers so that they will be inspired even more to achieve greatness. 
  • India reportedly has the second-highest number of engineers in the entire world. 
  • India is frequently referred to as the nation of engineers. 
  • The occasion serves as a reminder to all engineers, particularly those working in the civil engineering field, to emulate Sir Visvesvaraya and strive to achieve objectives that will benefit the nation.