On the occasion of Teacher's Day, the Prime Minister stated that the government will establish and upgrade 14,500 schools across India via the Pradhan Mantri Schools For Rising India (PM-SHRI) Yojana.
The Prime Minister noted that the PM-SHRI yojana will assist lakhs of students throughout India and will also help to execute the National Education Policy (NEP).
2020 Education Policy
- In July 2020, the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 was unveiled.
- NEP 2020 will succeed the 1986 National Policy on Education.
- It seeks to ensure universal access at all levels of education, from pre-primary to grade 12.
- It ensures that all children aged 3-6 get high-quality early childhood care and education.
- It established a new curriculum and pedagogical structure (5+3+3+4).
- 5 years of fundamental training (for ages 3 to 8).
- Three years of preparation (for ages 8 to 11 or in classes 3 to 5).
- 3 years in the middle stage (for ages 11 to 14 or classes 6 to 8).
- 4 years of secondary education (for ages 14 to 18 or classes 9 to 12).
- There are no formal distinctions between the arts and sciences, curricular and extracurricular activities, or vocational and academic tracks.
- To construct a National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission.
- Multilingualism and Indian languages are being promoted.
- Board Exam Assessment Reform. PARAKH is establishing a new National Assessment Center (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development).
- Socially and economically disadvantaged groups are given special consideration.
- A special gender inclusion fund, special education zones for disadvantaged areas and groups; a transparent teacher recruiting procedure, and merit-based performance evaluation.
- Providing access to all resources through school complexes and clusters.
- The establishment of the State School Standards Authority.
- Increasing the importance of vocational education in schools and higher education institutions.
- Increasing higher education's Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) to 50%.
- Education that is multidisciplinary and has various entry/exit points.
- Establishment of an Academic Credit Bank.
- Multidisciplinary education and research universities are being established.
- The National Research Foundation is established.
- Increased use of open and distance learning to boost GER.
- 4-year integrated stage-specific, subject-specific teacher education Bachelor's Degree in Education.
- All higher education institutions (HEIs) will be divided into three groups:
- Research universities focus on both research and teaching.
- Teaching universities are primarily concerned with education.
- Degree-granting colleges were primarily concerned with undergraduate education.
- Multiple systems with checks and balances will oppose and halt higher education commercialization.
- All educational institutions will be held to the same audit and transparency criteria as non-profit organizations.
- The Centre and the States will collaborate to expand public investment in education to 6% of GDP as soon as possible.
- Strengthening the Central Advisory Board of Education to improve cooperation and place a greater emphasis on excellent education generally.
Indian Education System Concerns
- India has attained universal primary school enrollment. This is a tremendous accomplishment, but bringing students to school is merely the first step in developing human capital.
- Poor faculty quality, scarcity of trained faculty
- Curriculum that is out of date, and a limited university-industry partnership.
- Indian-origin Scientists have received the Nobel Prize, yet post-independence research in India has not resulted in science fiction novels. If Indians studying and working overseas can have a significant influence, then the fault must be with our educational and research systems.
- The governance system is broken. There are a few incentives for being a good teacher and a few penalties for being a bad one. More effective and accountable governance systems are required.
- The hunger of private colleges to make as much money as possible from each student puts tremendous pressure on students, resulting in mental disintegration.
- Girls drop out of school at a higher rate than boys. While guys go to work, girls generally stay at home and help with household chores. Gender role socialization is a significant element.
- Pandemics and the digital divide are causing learning loss.
The government has taken the following steps:
- Article 21A of the 86th Constitutional Amendment establishes the fundamental right to free and compulsory education, which includes a common education system in which "wealthy and poor are taught under one roof."
- The Declaration of Educational Institutions as Eminent Institutions to deliver world-class education to Indian students throughout the country
- The establishment of a higher education financing agency to support high-quality infrastructure at prestigious educational institutions.
- For ranking our higher education institutions, we use the National Institution Ranking Framework.
- GIAN Initiative invites prominent academics, entrepreneurs, scientists, and professionals from world-class universities to lecture in India's higher education institutions.
- AI may be utilised to provide personalised instructions based on the needs of the students.
- The government must seek to improve digital infrastructure and provide pupils with mobile phones or laptop computers.
- SWAYAM is an online course portal.
- Prabha SWAYAM We provide HD educational channels through DTH 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
- Sodhganga would create a national repository of Indian institutions as well as digital study materials for higher education.
- The Samagra Shiksha Scheme aims to provide inclusive and equitable quality education at all levels of schooling.
- The government encourages open online courses through Swayam Platforms so that students may receive excellent lectures online.