What constitutes the news?

The HPCL Compressed Biogas Project employs the industry's first Waste-to-Energy portfolio, processing 100 tonnes of dung daily for the production of biogas that can be utilized as fuel for automobiles.

The HPCL Compressed Biogas Project project ought to be operational in a year.

The foundation for the HPCL Compressed Biogas Project project is the GOBAR-Dhan plan, which was unveiled by the Indian government in April 2018 as a cornerstone of the Swachh Bharat Mission's (Grameen) Biodegradable Waste Management component.

What is the project led by the HPCL?

The initiative of the GOBAR-Dhan, which the Indian government proposed in April 2018 as a cornerstone of the Swachh Bharat Mission's (Grameen) Biodegradable Waste Management component, where the HPCL Compressed Biogas Project is being established.

With the support of livestock and organic waste, the HPCL Compressed Biogas Project initiative hopes to enhance sanitation alongside generating revenue and energy.

In Rajasthan, the project's groundbreaking ceremony was whole-heartedly conducted in Shree Godham Mahatirth Pathmeda Lok Punyarth Nyas, Village Pathmeda, Tehsil Sanchore District Jalore.

What is Biogas in the Compressed Biogas Project?

In general, a renewable energy source is biogas. 

It is basically a combination of gases. Agricultural waste, manure, municipal trash, plant matter, sewage, green waste, and food waste all contribute to the manufacturing of biogas.

Methane, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide constitute the majority of the gases present in the biogas.

The majority of biogas is first generated as landfill gas. This is so because the decomposition of biodegradable trash stored inside a landfill causes the gas to be generated. The gas is the byproduct of a chemical reaction produced by the decaying trash.

Significance 

By potentially eliminating the requirement for fossil fuels, bioenergy production systems can make a major contribution in the attempt to reduce emissions of greenhouse gasses. The world is kept free of environmental contaminants by offering a non-polluting, renewable energy source. Moreover, the best approach to guarantee that all people have access to electricity is through the utilization of biogas. 

Biogas is a fuel source that tends to deliver the world sufficient strength due to its extremely affordable generator of electricity.

Trees are chopped down and burned as firewood in places lacking access to power, resulting in deforestation. Biogas enables us to generate fuel from the trash that would ordinarily be discarded. Therefore, it is not necessary to eliminate flora or chop down trees.

Biogas is mostly composed of carbon dioxide and the gas methane (CH4), which are also present in natural gas (CO2).

The amount of methane in unrefined (raw) biogas may fluctuate from 40% to 60%, with the majority of the leftover gas being CO2 and a minor proportion of water vapor.

Pros of producing Biogas 

Producing biogas is affordable:

In order to provide all of us with electricity, more power stations must be constructed because of the rising cost of electricity as well as the absence of enough energy to keep the entire country functioning. The electricity we use today is expensive, although biogas may also generate electricity that is sustainable and a little less pricey. To get people moving, biofuel may be utilized in four-wheelers. The capability to generate biogas in little or vast proportions seems to influence its value.

A handsome instrument of revenue is Biogas:

The generation of biogas may be the alternative for those nations that battle to give employment to all of their residents. Individuals living in various varieties of neighborhoods can obtain employment thanks to biogas plants. Rural residents in regions may benefit from biogas in many ways, including the creation of employment opportunities as well as the capability to generate affordable electricity for previously without electricity-producing households and businesses. A company producing biogas can be lucrative considering that it is low-cost to produce and incredibly cheap to configure.

A renewable source of energy is Biogas:

Biogas can be continuously generated given that it is a renewable source of energy, consequently, there is no need to be anxious about the fuel supply running out. Currently, non-renewable resources including coal constitute a sizable chunk of the world's largest energy sources. Since the fuel is produced from organic waste materials, there will always be a scarcity of it. Biogas is a most welcome sustainable option in a world where another harm caused by the burning of fossil fuels is becoming glaringly apparent.

The fuel of the future, biogas, has the potential to restore the planet as well as provide employment to those who are in actual need. Of all the alternative fuel sources, biogas is unquestionably the finest.

As a consequence, according to the latest statistics, it is projected that biogas will provide around one-third of all energy by the year 2050.