News Excerpt
The government approved the creation of a new organization to ensure greater private participation in India’s space activities.

Highlights
•    The new Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe), which is expected to be functional within six months, will assess the needs and demands of private players, including educational and research institutions, and, explore ways to accommodate these requirements in consultation with ISRO.
•    Existing ISRO infrastructure, both ground- and space-based, scientific and technical resources, and even data are planned to be made accessible to interested parties to enable them to carry out their space-related activities.
Roles and Responsibilities: IN-SPACe is to be established as a single window nodal agency,
 with its own cadre, which will permit and oversee the following activities of Non-Government-Private-Entities (NGPEs).
    Space activities: launch vehicles and satellites and providing space-based services.
    Sharing of space infrastructure and premises under the control of ISRO.
    Establishment of temporary facilities within premises under ISRO.
    Establishment of new space infrastructure and facilities, by NGPEs, in pursuance of space activities based on safety norms and other statutory guidelines and necessary clearances.
    Initiation of launch campaign and launch, based on readiness of launch vehicle and spacecraft systems, ground and user segment.
    Building, operation and control of spacecraft for registration as Indian Satellite by NGPEs and all the associated infrastructure for the same.
    Usage of spacecraft data and rolling out of space-based services and all the associated infrastructure for the same.
Structure of IN-SPACe:IN-SPACe will have a Chairman, technical experts for space activities, Safety expert, experts from Academia and Industries, Legal and Strategic experts from other departments, members from PMO and MEA of Government of India.

Monitoring and Promotion Directorate of IN-SPACe
    It will have the oversight of the activities as per IN-SPACe decisions and shall report back to IN-SPACe for corrective actions and resolutions if any.
    Applicants will be enabled to monitor the progress of their applications through the IN-SPACe online portal.
    Any disputes in the total process shall be resolved in IN-SPACe and DOS.  
    The unresolved disputes (if any) shall be resolved through an appropriate appellate body.
    As an interim measure, utilization of TDSAT is suggested.  
    Promotion of space activities by Private entities will also be under the purview of the Directorate.

Why increased Private Involvement?
There are two main reasons why enhanced private involvement in the space sector seems important. One is commercial, and the other strategic.
1.    The private industry will also free up ISRO to concentrate on science, research and development, interplanetary exploration and strategic launches.
2.    There are a number of ambitious space missions lined up in the coming years, including a mission to observe the Sun, a mission to the Moon, a human spaceflight, and thenpossibly, a human landing on the Moon.