News Excerpt
Recently, Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare launches “Centralized Farm Machinery Performance Testing Portal” in the public domain.

The portal has been developed by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare as a further step to improve services of farm machinery testing institutions and to bring out transparency in the entire process of testing and evaluation of machines.

Meaning and purpose of Agricultural mechanization
•    It is the process of improving farm labour productivity through the use of agricultural machinery, implements and tools.
•    Apart from cost reduction and productivity increase, it also results in a significant modification of the social structure in rural areas. It frees the farmers from much of the laborious, tedious, hard work on the farms. The pressure on land decreases and the status of the farmers improves.
Importance of testing of farm machineries
Testing and evaluation of agricultural machinery encourages improvement in quality and functional suitability. Comparable data for similar machines is available to manufacturers, which help them in improving the design of their product and open up avenues in commercialization of agricultural machinery not only on national level but also Globally.

Why portal launched?
    To build on the momentum of significant increase in adoption of agricultural machines which has resulted in the phenomenal expansion of cropped area, cropping diversity and the country’s agricultural production.
    For promoting agricultural mechanization and to design farm equipment which can be utilized in cost effective manner by small and marginal farmers.
    To incentivise manufacturers in producing farm machineries.

About the portal
    This portal will facilitate manufacturers in applying, communicating and monitoring the progress of testing of their machines in a seamless manner as it is easily accessible from any location and from any device connected to the Internet.
    It offers the possibility of integrated management in a unified manner within the organization and thus will help in improving the efficiency of the testing institutes thereby reducing testing time for various agricultural machines and equipments.

The portal offers following benefits to the users
    In line with Government Policy of “Ease of Doing Business”, this would facilitate applying for testing of machinery online.
    Ensure Transparency in the entire processes of testing.
    Faster Feedback
    Help in Reducing testing Time
    Reduced Business Expenses of Agricultural Manufacturers
    Testing Efficiency Improvement
    Thoroughness in Testing
    Flexible Access – Officers concerned at Ministry and manufacturers can monitor testing activities from anywhere with internet access.

Way Forward
Establishing of farm equipments testing infrastructure is an important step in increasing farm productivity. However other steps like consolidation of farm holdings, awareness generation among farming communities and training farmers in handling sophisticated farm equipments are further required to take full benefit of agricultural mechanisation.
Farm Mechanization Scheme
Under the Farm Mechanization Scheme, the center encourages to inculcate the use of modern machinery and techniques. Accordingly, in the case of small, marginal, and SC/St farmer, it provides a 35% subsidy for tractor and 50% for other machines.
Some of the scheme are:
1.     Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
2. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
3.    Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)
4.    NABARD loans in India:This scheme offers every farmer the opportunity to purchase necessary machines

FMTTIS, DAC&FW, Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institutes and Yantra Laxmi Scheme