BIS certification for two-wheeler
● Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a draft notification for bringing Protective Helmets for two-wheeler riders under compulsory certification as per Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016.
● BIS is the National Standard Body of India established under the BIS Act, 2016 for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
● BIS has been providing traceability and tangibility benefits to the national economy in a number of ways - providing safe reliable quality goods, minimizing health hazards to consumers, promoting exports and imports substitute, control over proliferation of varieties etc. through standardization, certification and testing
● The government has also launched the BIS-Care app to check the authenticity of the ISI-marked and hallmarked products and lodge complaints using this app.
Smart India Hackathon 2020
• Smart India Hackathon (SIH) 2020 is a nationwide initiative to provide students a platform to solve some of the pressing problems we face in our daily lives, and thus inculcate a culture of product innovation and a mindset of problem solving.
● The last edition of the hackathon (SIH 2019) saw over 5 million+ students from various colleges compete for the top prize at 65+ locations.
● MHRD’s Innovation Cell & All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)organizes the event.
● The theme of the Smart India Hackathon 2020 is “No problem is too big… No idea is too small”.
● In SIH 2020, the students would have the opportunity to work on challenges faced within various Ministries, Departments, Industries, PSUs and NGOs to create world class solutions for some of the top organizations including industries in the world, thus helping the Private sector hire the best minds from across the nation.
● The terrain mapping camera on board Chandrayaan-2’s orbiter has captured the image of Sarabhai crater, named after ‘Vikram Sarabhai’ the father of the Indian space programme, on the moon.
● To the 300km east of this crater lie the landing sites of American Apollo 17 and Soviet-launched Luna 21 missions.
● The Sarabhai Crater has a depth of around 1.7 kmtaken from its raised rim and the slope of crater walls is between 25 to 35 degrees. These findings will help space scientists understand further the process on the lunar region filled with lava.
Vikram Sarabhai and his key contribution
• Vikram Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919.His vision and commitment led to the establishment of Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962 during the Nehru government.
• The INCOSPAR was restructured and renamed as Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969. Sarabhai took over an advisory role in ISRO as well.
• He set up India's first rocket launch site in Thumba, a small village near the Thiruvananthapuram airport in Kerala.
• He was responsible for bringing cable television to India. His constant contact with NASA paved a way for the establishment of Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) in 1975.
• Sarabhai was the mastermind behind building India's first satellite, Aryabhata.
• Vikram Sarabhai received the Padma Bhushan in 1966 for his contribution to India's progress. He was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1972, posthumously.
• The Bondas scattered across 32 remote hilltop villagesin the Eastern Ghats of Malkangiri district (Odisha) are believed to have come to India as part of the first wave of migration out of Africa about 60,000 years ago.
• But now they can be seen not only in other districts of Odisha, but also in neighbouring states such as Andhra Pradesh. They were the first forest settlers in India.
• Census 2011 says there are just 12,000 Bondas left and they are one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) found in Odisha.
• The state government set up the Bonda Development Agency in 1977.
● The Bondas continue to speak in their language, Remo, which comes under the Austroasiatic language belonging to the Mundari group.
● Their children are named after the day on which they born.
● They have a unique dressing style—women are semi clad and wear various types of rings and necklaces around their bodies, while the men carry lethal bows and arrows.
● A matriarchal society, the women prefer to marry men who are younger by at least 5-10 years, so that the men can earn for them when they grow old.
● The tribe is divided into three groups:
o The Upper Bondas or Bara-Jangar group, who live on the slopes at over 900 meters above sea level;
o The Lower Bondas, who live at the foothills,
o The Gadaba-Bondas, who live at the same altitude as the Upper Bondas.
● Kerala will host the 3rd edition of annual Dragonfly Festival 'ThumbiMahotsavam 2020'.
● World Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF – India) State unit has joined hands with the Society for Odonate Studies (SOS) and Thumbipuranam for the festival.
● The official mascot of this festival is 'Pantalu', which is the genus of dragonfly in the family Libellulidae commonly known as rain pool gliders.
● State Dragonfly festival is a part of a national dragonfly festival being organised by the WWF India, Bombay Natural History Society & Indian Dragonfly Society.
● It is organised in association with the National Biodiversity Board, UNEP, UNDP and IUCN – Centre for Environment Conservation.
● Dragonfly is an aerial predator insect most commonly found near freshwater habitats throughout most of the world.
● Dragonflies act as important bio-indicators of the ecological health of an area as they feed on mosquitoes and other insects that are vectors to life-threatening diseases like Malaria and Dengue.
World Urdu Conference
• National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language (NCPUL) organised the World Urdu Conference 2020 in New Delhi from 27th-28th August 2020.
• It was announced that Urdu writers will be honoured with awards and honours in the name of important personalities of Urdu like Amir Khusrow, MirzaGhalib, Agha Hashar, Ram BabuSaxena and Daya Shankar Naseem to encourage Urdu writers for literary and creative services by the Urdu Council from next year.
● NCPULis an autonomous body under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD), Department of Secondary and Higher Education, Government of India.
● It was set up to promote, develop and propagate Urdu language; Council started its operation in Delhi on April 1, 1996.
● It is the principal coordinating and monitoring authority for promotion of Urdu language and Urdu education.
• Warli painting is a style of tribal art mostly created by the tribal people. Maharashtra is known for its Warli folk paintings.
• Warli tribesmen shun all influences of modern urbanization.
• Warli is the vivid expression of daily and social events of the Warli tribe, used by them to embellish the walls of village houses.
• Women are mainly engaged in the creation of these paintings. These paintings do not depict mythological characters or images of deities, but depict social life.
• Images of human beings and animals, along with scenes from daily life are created in a loose rhythmic pattern.
• Painted white on mud walls, they are pretty close to pre-historic cave paintings in execution and usually depict scenes of human figures engaged in activities like hunting, dancing, sowing and harvesting.
• Themes are highly repetitive and symbolic. Many of the Warli paintings that represent Palghat, the marriage god, often include a horse used by the bride and groom.
• The painting is sacred and without it, the marriage cannot take place. These paintings also serve social and religious aspirations of the local people. It is believed that these paintings invoke powers of the Gods.
• These days, even men have taken to painting. Warli paintings on paper have become very popular and are now sold all over India.
• Coriolis force describes the pattern of deflection taken by objects not firmly connected toground as they travel long distances around Earth.
• The main cause of the Coriolis force is the Earth's rotation. As the Earth spins in a counter-clockwise direction on its axis, anything flying or flowing over a long distance above its surface is deflected.
• Earth rotates faster at the Equator than it does at the poles.
• Coriolis force effect Atmospheric Circulation Patterns, Oceanic Circulation Patterns and Flight Paths. Anything that flies (planes, birds, missiles, space rockets) is affected by the Coriolis Effect.
• He was born on 28 August 1863 in Perumkattuvila, Thiruvananthapuram and died on 18 June 1941, leaving behind a better and more inclusive world for Keralite lower castes.
• He was a social reformer, who worked for the advancement of deprived untouchable people in the princely state of Travancore, British India.
• His efforts influenced many changes that improved the social well-being of those people who are today referred to as Dalits.
• He faught against caste discrimination and was a leader of an anti-caste movement and who later fought for basic rights including access to public spaces and entry to schools.
• Ayyankali unleashed his first wave of rebellion through folk dance and music laced with dissent at the end of their workday.
• Voicing out sentiments of the downtrodden, the man soon began to be known as Urpillai and Moothapullai.
• He was instated as a member of the Assembly of Travancore, known as the SreeMoolam Popular Assembly (SMPA) or Praja Sabha.
• He played an instrumental role in establishing community courts, whose local offices functioned in every branch of the SJPS.
• He establishes the Sadhu Jana ParipalanaSangham (Association for the Protection of the Poor), which aimed at uniting members from suppressed communities and campaigned for access to schools along with raising funds to set up Pulayar-operated schools.