Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak: 100th Death Anniversary
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak's 100th death anniversary was observed on 1st August 2020.
• An iconic leader and one of the strongest proponents of purnaswaraj or total self-rule, Bal GangadharTilak died on this day in 1920, in Mumbai.
• A part of the Lal-Bal-Pal (LalaLajpat Rai, Bal GangadharTilak and Bipin Chandra Pal) group, he was often called the "father of the Indian unrest" by the British Raj.
Contributions of Tilak
• His ideas ofswaraj and swadeshi were anchored in making every Indian conscious of the insults and injustice meted out by the British. He prepared a fertile ground for swaraj through Home-rule movement.
• For the cultivation of an enlightened mind, he used the media in the form of two newspapers, Kesari and Maratha, and national education through Deccan Education Society, an institute he established.
• His formula for preparing the ground for political activism through culture, education and media was so powerful that later on Mahatma Gandhi, Baba SahebAmbedkar and others adopted this path.
• A master strategist, Tilak adroitly used the two things — constitutionalism and democracy — that the British rulers used to boast about, to his maximum advantage.
• His idea of Swaraj was not confined to political freedom. He was conscious of the need for cultural and economic independence too.
• The public celebration of the Ganesh festival and Shivaji Jayanti by Tilak were aimed at cultural assimilation of all caste and community groups.
• Tilak wanted to promote manufacturing in India. To that end, Tilak started collecting funds for a corpus, known as Paisa Fund. Tilak and RatanjiJamshedji Tata came together to open the Bombay Swadeshi Co-operative Stores.
When we talk about Atmanirbhar Bharat, the legacy of Tilak is carried forward. Reviving the spirit of economic nationalism for indigenously manufactured goods and striving for social integration through culture are the features of Tilak’s strategy and they continue to be relevanteven today as we observe his 100th death anniversary.
PEPPER IT WITH
Theosophical Society, Home Rule League, Honorary Titles of Indian Freedom Leaders, The Arctic Home in the Vedas, Swarajya Sabha, Ghadar Revolt, GoI Act, 1909,