Swachh Survekshan 2020
The results of Swachh Survekshan 2020 was announced by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
• Urban development is a state subject and the 74th Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 enjoins upon the state governments to delegate many functions to urban local bodies.
• Swachh Survekshan was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2016.
• Mysuru was chosen as the cleanest city of India in that edition of the survey.
• Swachh Survekshan is meant to monitor the performance of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which was launched on October 2, 2014, on the occasion of the150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
• It aims to make India open-defecation free by 2019.
• The extensive sanitation survey is commissioned by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and carried out annually by the Quality Council of India.
• The survey was introduced by the government with the objective of generating large-scale participation in Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. It was also aimed at inculcating a spirit of healthy competition among cities towards becoming India’s cleanest cities.
Swachh Survekshan 2020 covered 4,242 cities, 62 cantonment boards and 92 Ganga towns. This survey was carried out in 28 days.
Fourth edition of the survey in 2019 covered 4,237 cities. It was the first-of-its-kind completely digital survey completed in a record time of 28 days.
In 2020, Indore retained its position as the cleanest city for the fourth consecutive year.
While Gujarat’s Surat bagged the second spot, Maharashtra’s Navi Mumbai ranked third. Varanasi was adjudged the ‘best Ganga town’ in the central government’s cleanliness survey.