Golden Birdwing butterfly
A Himalayan butterfly named Golden Birdwing (Troidesaeacus) has been discovered as India’s largest butterfly after 88 years.The female Golden Birdwing with 194 mm wingspan was recorded at Uttarakhand’sPithoragarh district’s Didihat town, while the male Golden Birdwing with 106 mm wingspan was recorded at the Wankhar Butterfly Museum, Shillong.

Hul Divas
In Santali language, Hul means rebellion.In the memory of SanthalHul (rebellion), Hul Divas (Rebellion Day) is celebrated each year on the same date 30 June, especially among Santhal tribes.
Bhognadih (a village in Sahebganj district of Jharkhand) was the main centre of the Santhal rebellion of 1855. On 30 June 1855, a large number of Santals assembled in a field in Bhognadih, they declared themselves as free and took oath under the leadership of SidoMurmu and KanhuMurmuto fight unto the last against the British rulers as well as their agents. The rebellion started on June 30, 1855 and lasted until January 3, 1856 when the movement was brutally ended by troops loyal to the British.

Dharma Chakra Day
International Buddhist Confederation (IBC), under the aegis of Ministry of Culture, is celebrating AsadhaPoornima on July 4, as Dharma Chakra Day.This day commemorates Buddha's First Sermon to his first five ascetic disciples at the Deer Park, Rsipatana in the present day Sarnath near Varanasi, UP. The day is also celebrated by Buddhists all over the world as the day of Dharma Chakra Parvattana or “Turning of the Wheel of Dharma”. This day is also aptly observed as Guru Poornima by both Buddhists and Hindus as a day to mark reverence to their gurus.

Dare to Dream 2.0
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has launched its innovation contest ‘Dare to Dream 2.0’ on the 5th death anniversary of former President and noted scientist Dr APJ Abdul Kalam also known as the Missile Man of India.
    'Dare to Dream 2.0' challenge is a scheme to promote the Indian innovators and startups for innovations in defence and aerospace technologies.
    The scheme is being launched for emerging technologies to promote the individuals &startups for innovation in defence and aerospace technologies in the country after the call of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ given by Prime Minister.
    The winners will be decided after due evaluation by an expert committee. Award money, up to Rs. 10 lakh for startup and Rs. 5 lakh to individual category, will be given to the winners.

    A team of researchers from Pune and Kerala have “rediscovered” Globbaandersonii from the Sikkim Himalayas near the Teesta river valley region.
    The plant is commonly as ‘dancing ladies’ or ‘swan flowers’ are characterised by white flowers, non-appendaged anthers (the part of a stamen that contains the pollen) and a “yellowish lip”.
    It is classifiedas “critically endangered” (IUCN Red List of Threatened Species) and “narrowly endemic”, the species is restricted mainly to Teesta River Valley region which includes the Sikkim Himalays and Darjeeling hill ranges.
    The earliest records of the collection of this plant were dated between the period 1862-70 by Scottish botanist Thomas Anderson from Sikkim and Darjeeling. Then, in 1875, the British botanist Sir George King, had collected it from the Sikkim Himalayas and is thought to have been extinct until its “re-collection”, for the first time recently.

CogX is a prestigious Global Leadership Summit and Festival of AI and Emerging Technology held annually in London. The awards are given out to the best-of-the-best in AI and emerging technologies across the world.Recently MyGov Corona Helpdesk Chatbot has bagged two awards under categories (1) “Best Innovation for Covid-19 – Society” and (2) “People’s Choice Covid-19 Overall Winner” at the recently held CogX 2020.
MyGov is the world’s largest citizen engagement platform. It facilitates two-ways communication between the Government and Citizen and facilitates participatory governance in India. The platform was developed after collaboration between the teams of MyGov, WhatsApp, and JioHaptik Technologies Limited.

Sugarcane is an important cash crop of the country cultivated over about 5 million ha area including both sub-tropical and tropical regions. Co 0238 (Karan 4) is a high yielding and high sugar content variety, derived from the cross Co LK 8102 x Co 775.  This variety was evolved at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal and released by the Central Sub-committee on Crop Standards, Notification and Release of Varieties during 2009 as an early maturing variety for commercial cultivation in North-West Zone (NWZ) comprising the states of Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan.The jaggery of Co 0238 is of A1 quality with light yellow colour.  This variety is moderately resistant to the prevalent races of red rot pathogen.This variety has spread in the field at a much faster rate as it combines both high cane yield and better juice quality and hence is being preferred by both farmers and sugar industry.

DehingPatkai Wildlife Sanctuary
The Assam government recently decided to upgrade DehingPatkai Wildlife Sanctuary also known as the Jeypore Rainforest located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts of Assam into a national park. It will be the sixth national park of Assam after Kaziranga, Nameri, Manas, Dibru-Saikhowa and Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park.
    It  is located within the larger DehingPatkai Elephant Reserve
    It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 2004.
    Sanctuary lies at the foot hill of Patkai hill.
    River Dehing passes through this wild life sanctuary.
    It forms the largest stretch of lowland rainforest in the country.
    It is the only sanctuary in India which is home to seven different species of wild cats - tiger, leopard, clouded leopard, leopard cat, golden cat, jungle cat and marbled cat.
    It has the highest concentration of the rare endangered White Winged Wood Duck.

The Odisha government has propelled BalaramYojana to give rural credit of Rs 1,040 crore to provide employment opportunitiesto those farmers who are currently unemployed at the time of infection of corona virus. Around seven lakh landless cultivators will get advantage under the plan in the next two years. Agricultural loans will be given to landless farmland through Joint Liability meetings (JLG). The implementation and arrangement of the scheme at the state level has been given by Institute on Management of Agricultural Extension (IMAGE). The Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA) will make arrangements at the field level.

Karnataka Chief Minister has launched NekarSammanYojane for handloom weavers in  July 2020. For becoming a beneficiary of the scheme, silk, cotton, woolen and other handloom weavers can fill NekarSammanYojana Online Application Form. People can register themselves at the official SevaSindhu portal which is developed as an initiative to deliver the various schemes and services of the Karnataka State Government at the doorstep of the citizens. Under the scheme, the state government is transferring Rs 2000 of financial support to all weavers in the state registered with the SevaSindhu portal. Under the first phase, the Chief Minister at the launch transferred Rs 2000 directly into the bank accounts of 19744 weavers in the state.Annually, the financial assistance will be provided once to all registered weavers under the SevaSindhu portal. The scheme will cost the State Government of Karnataka an amount of Rs 10.96 crore every year.

Himachal Pradesh becomes First State in India to have LPG Gas Connection in Every Household
Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in the country where all households have LPG gas connections, Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur has announced. Pointing out that as many as 1.36 lakh families of the state have been benefitted under the PradhanMantriUjjawalaYojna and as many as 2,76,243 families in the state were provided free gas connections under 'Himachal GrihiniSuvidhaYojana', a state government scheme to cover the left out families in the state.

Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant achieved criticality
Almost 25 years after the last unit was commissioned at Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) has achieved criticality of a third unit of 700 MWe at the plant in Tapi district which is fully based on indigenous technology.The first two units at Kakrapar of 220 MWe (Megawatt electric) each were based on Canadian technology. The third unit is fully indigenous.
A reactor is said to be critical when the nuclear fuel inside a reactor sustains a fission chain reaction, where each fission event releases a sufficient number of neutrons to sustain a series of reactions. Criticality is first step towards power production.