News Excerpt
A gas leak accident has happened at Baghjan well in Assam after a blowout and subsequent explosion has led to extensive damage to both the publicly-owned resources–—the Maguri-Motapung wetland and Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.

Pre-Connect
The Baghjan well is a gas-producing well in Tinsukia district, and is at an aerial distance of 900metres from the Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.It has been drilled by Oil India Limited (OIL) since 2006.

Highlights
    Gas Leak: The gas started to ooze out of the well during the maintenance. The gas well was under maintenance and it was temporarily shut. The Blowout Preventer (BOP) was also removed.
    Reasons: The incident could have occurred due to various factors such as lack of attention, poor workmanship, bad maintenance and outdated practices.

Impact
    The gas leak and blowout caused deaths of Gangetic dolphins, including many riverine species and a variety of fish. Fish species have also declined in wetland and river tributaries, where dissolved oxygen level has fallen due to the oil spill.
    The birds have flown away due to the oil spill and intense noise from the blowout.
    The Gas particle have set on leaves of nearby vegetation like–—Tea gardens,bamboo banana trees, betel nut trees and others.
    The highest concentration of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a toxic compound, in fish samples was observed from MaguriMotapung wetland.
    The impact is significant and will have long-term effects, as many of these pollutants will leach into the ground and contaminate groundwater.
    The burnt-out area is mapped as 65-70 hectares, which include crop fields, grasslands, and swamps.

PEPPER IT WITH
Blue Revolution, Bhopal Gas Tragedy, Methyl Isocyanate