News Excerpt
Recently, Indian Institute of Technology Madras Researchers have collaborated with German Researchers to develop new materials for project Green Energy Solutions.

More about the project
●    The project aims to develop alternative technologies to produce Green Hydrogen as the world is expected to eventually transit to a hydrogen-based economy.
●    This research project was taken up under the Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration or ‘SPARC,’ an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.
●    Conventional methods of generating hydrogen (H2) such as ‘water-gas conversion’ and ‘partial oxidation of hydrocarbons’ generate a large quantity of carbon dioxide (CO2), a notorious greenhouse gas that imposes serious environmental concerns.
●    In contrast, electrochemical splitting of water termed as ‘Water Electrolysis’ (WE) is a clean, facile, and highly efficient technology for large-scale production of high-purity H2.
●    This international collaboration aims to develop novel low cost electro catalysts for hydrogen evolution reactions.

Why is this project necessary?
The depletion of conventional fossil fuels and natural gases combined with increasing demand for alternative sources of energy necessitates prioritizing research on producing and storing non-polluting energy forms or ‘Green Energy.’ In this context, the hydrogen-based economy is a promising area to invest scientific interest in the humanitarian quest to reduce carbon footprint.

Analytica
Need Green Energy Solutions:
o    Hydrogen-based energy transition is a central pillar in the decarbonisation of energy technologies.
o    Current hydrogen production technologies need new materials and hydrogen-production pathways involving earth-abundant resources such as water, solar energy, and light absorbing pigments.
How does this project provide a Green Energy solution?
The aim of this SPARC project is to develop a holistic approach for identifying next-generation photo-electrocatalysts by considering inputs from first principle calculations and through phase diagram calculations which is a unique and unexplored approach in the field of photo-electrocatalysis.

Conclusion
The project can be an additional area of collaboration between India and Germany. It is expected that the India-German relationship in education and research will continue to grow, diversify, and bring immense benefits to both countries.

Aim of SPARC and Green Energy Solutions
    SPARC aims at improving the research ecosystem of India’s Higher Educational Institutions by facilitating academic and research collaborations between Indian Institutions and the best institutions in the world from 28 selected nations to jointly solve problems of national and/or international relevance.
    In order to facilitate fundamental and socially relevant research in India, a lot of emphasis is being laid to strengthen collaboration between Indian Research groups with Top research groups in the world so that Indian scientists and students can interact with the finest minds in the