News Excerpt
NITI Aayog and the International Transport Forum (ITF) of OECD jointly launched the Decarbonizing Transport in Emerging Economies project. It is aimed to foster low-carbon transport system for India.

Pre-Connect
1. Transort is a major enabler of economic development. But it is also a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions.
2. Transport accounted for 30% of CO2  emissions in OECD countries in 2016. In non-OECD countries it contributed only 16%. But transport emissions in the OECD are expected to decrease by 1% annually through to 2030, according to ITF estimates. In non-OECD countries they will grow by 2%.
3. This is mostly because transport demand there grows significantly faster.
4. Transport volumes in non-OECD countries grow more than twice as fast as in the OECD with 4% annual growth for passenger and 5% for freight transport.

About Project
•    The ITF’s De-carbonizing Transport in Emerging Economies (DTEE) project helps emerging economies to reduce transport CO2 emissions.
•    The DTEE project supports transport de-carbonisation in Argentina, Azerbaijan, India and Morocco. This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (ICI).
•    It is designing a common assessment framework for transport emissions that will cover several transport sub-sectors and transport modes.
•    Country-specific modelling tools and policy scenarios will help the participating governments to implement ambitious CO2-reduction initiatives for their transport sectors.

Analytica
    The DTEE project will certainly help governments of emerging countries to establish pathways to reduce transport CO2 emissions and meet CO2 reduction pledges under the Paris Agreement. Hence realize the climate change aspirant without affecting economic growth.
    Emerging economies wouldn’t curb their economic development, lifting people out of poverty and stop improving living standards at the price for limiting climate change. The challenge is therefore to accommodate the growing transport demand that neither put hurdle in economic development nor deteriorate environment.
    The four participating countries represent a wide range of challenges for the de-carbonisation of transport in emerging economies.
    They differ about world region, economic specificities and infrastructure characteristics. They share similarities in that all four have lower transport CO2 emissions per capita than the OECD average, but higher growth rates of transport activity. In all of them, meeting increasing transport demand while reducing CO2 emissions is a critical challenge for policy makers.

Conclusion
    The “Decarbonizing Transport in India” project will design a tailor-made transport emissions assessment framework for India. It will provide the government with a detailed understanding of current and future transport activity and the related CO2 emissions as a basis for their decision-making.
    India’s diverse demographics across socio-economic factors such as population, age, income, etc., it would be important to first estimate the demand for transportation in India and then do a detailed modelling to compute the CO2emissions.
    The DTEE project would help India translate its climate ambitions. The modelling tool and assessment framework would provide a targeted analytical assistance to identify these climate actions and help us draw policies rooted in data analysis and advanced modelling.


ITF-OECD
    The International Transport Forum at the OECD is an intergovernmental organisation with 60 member countries.
    It acts as a think tank for transport policy and organises the Annual Summit of transport ministers.
    ITF is the only global body that covers all transport modes.
    The ITF works for transport policies that improve peoples’ lives. It aims to foster a deeper understanding of the role of transport in economic growth, environmental sustainability and social inclusion and to raise the public profile of transport policy.
    India is the member of ITF.

PEPPER IT WITH
FAME, Paris Agreement, Kyoto Protocol, BharatmalaProject