News Excerpt
The Petersberg Climate Dialogue was held in April with an appeal to place climate protection at the centre of economic recovery.

Pre-Connect
•    The Petersberg Climate Dialogue has been organised by Germany every spring since the failure of the Copenhagen Summit in 2009.
•    This was the eleventh session of Petersberg Climate Dialogue which has been hosted by Germany since 2010.
•    It aims to provide a forum for informal high-level political discussions, focusing both on international climate negotiations and the advancement of climate action.
•    The Dialogue is of particular importance this year as COP26, originally scheduled for November, has been postponed to an unknown date in 2021 due to the coronavirus.

Highlights
    The eleventh session of Petersberg Climate Dialogue held virtually witnessed India along with 30 other countries deliberating over ways and means to tackle the challenge of reinvigorating economies and societies after COVID-19 while catalysing climate action.
    This year’s event, co-chaired by the UK, brought together some thirty ministers, including from China, India and Japan, as well as representatives of small island states that are particularly hard hit by climate change.
    For the first time, there was also an exchange with non-state actors such as private companies, trade unions, NGOs, scientific experts and cities.
    Representing India, the Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, said that as the world is unitedly engaged in finding a vaccine for novel Coronavirus, likewise we should have Climate Technology as open source which must be available at affordable cost.
    Stressing on the issue of Climate finance, the Minister said the World now needs more, we must plan for 1 trillion USD in grants to the developing world immediately.

Analytica
    The IPCC, whose research helps the international community decide on actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, are worried that even under the most optimistic scenarios, human health, livelihoods, biodiversity and food systems face a serious threat from climate change.
    Global warming will drastically affect agriculture — the production of rice, wheat, maize and soya will decrease significantly.
    Apart from malnutrition, climate change will give birth to newer infections and illness. This imbalance will in turn affect the economy which will lead to conflict, war and global unrest.
    Global warming is already melting the polar ice caps. If this continues, sea levels will rise and submerge coastal cities. These natural disasters will make millions of people climate refugee
    UN and climate experts have called for the declaration of a global climate emergency. Countries like the U.K., Canada, France and Ireland have already declared climate emergencies.
    Which countries are responsible for historical emissions is now past the stage of debate. Global warming will affect every individual in every country. It is the duty of every human and government to take steps to stop the climate crisis.

Way forward
    Signatories to the Paris Pact will have to update their commitments to the landmark treaty — Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) — in 2020
    A report released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has concluded that better management of the world’s farms and forests is necessary to tackle climate change
    The stalemate at the global level offers India the opportunity to focus earnestly on developing its climate change action at State and sub-State levels, where the environment and climate continue to be relegated to peripheral status.
    Line departments for government schemes and programmes in key development sectors, such as agriculture, transport and water, should be identified for carefully integrating actions that respond to climate change.
    There will not be enough from the Green Climate Fund, Adaptation Fund and bilateral agencies to support all States unless new sources are found. The coal cess in India is a good initiative and could be used for environment and climate-related expenses.
    The Indian government should declare a climate emergency like other nations.

PEPPER IT WITH
Kyoto Protocol, Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC), NAPCC,Green India Mission (GIM)