Tech for Tribal Programme
TRIFED and IIT-Kanpur along with IIT-Roorkee, IIM Indore, Kalinga Institute of Social Science, Bhubaneshwar and SRIJAN, Jaipur has launched a game changing and unique project aimed to transform 5 crore Tribal Entrepreneurs under the name “Tech for Tribal”.
• India’s population includes nearly one hundred million tribal people. India has the second largest tribal population in the world, the first being Africa and tribal Communities are the integral segment of Indian society.
• The tribal people have rich traditions, cultures and heritage with unique life styles and customs.
• Despite some regional variation, the tribes share many common traits, including living in relative geographical isolation, and being relatively more homogeneous and more self-contained than the non-tribal social groups.
Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED)
Government of India has initiated a number of steps to develop socio economic conditions of tribal population in the country and one of those initiatives, is the formation of Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) in 1987.
It is a national-level apex organization functioning under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
The objective of TRIFED is socio-economic development of tribal people in the country by way of marketing development of the tribal products on which the lives of tribal depends heavily as they spend most of their time and derive major portion of their income.
It involves capacity building of the tribal people through sensitization, formation of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) and imparting training to them for undertaking a particular activity, exploring marketing possibilities in national as well as international markets, creating opportunities for marketing tribal products on a sustainable basis, creating a brand and providing other services.
The initiative aims at capacity building and imparting entrepreneurship skills to tribal forest produce gatherers enrolled under the Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PMVDY). The trainees will undergo a 30 days program over six weeks comprising 120 sessions.
TRIFED is establishing 1,200 "Van Dhan Vikas Kendra (VDVK)”, across 28 States engaging 3.6 Lakhs Tribal Forest Produce gatherers. One typical VDVK comprises of 15 Self Help Groups, each consisting of 20 Tribal gatherers.
The program aims at providing skill upgradation and capacity building of VDVK lead members.
Under the Tech for Tribal program, the Partners will develop course contents relevant to Entrepreneurship in Value Addition and Processing of Forest Produces.
The Tech for tribal capacity building program will ensure higher success rate of the Tribal Entrepreneurs by enabling and empowering them to run their business with marketable products with quality certifications.
Minor Forest Produce (MFP)
It is a subset of forest produce consist of all non-timber forest produce of plant origin and includes bamboo, brushwood, stumps, canes, Tusser, cocoon, honey, waxes, Lac, tendu/kendu leaves, medicinal plants and herbs, roots, tuber and the like.
MFP is a major source of livelihood for tribal living in forest areas. It provides food, shelter, medicines and cash income etc. to 100 million forest dwellers. Tribal derive 20-40% of their annual income from MFP on which they spend major portion of their time.
Van Dhan Vikas Kendras
Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram is an initiative targeting livelihood generation for tribal population by harnessing the wealth of forest. The programme aims to tap into the traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribal people by adding technology and Information Technology for upgradation of output at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a remunerative economic activity.
Van Dhan yojana was launched in 2018 under which Van Dhan Vikas Kendra was set up. This Van Dhan Vikas Kendra is to cater to ten Self Help Groups of thirty tribal gathers each. They are then trained and provided with working capital to add value to the products, which they collect from the Jungle.
Working under the leadership of Collector, these groups can then market their products not only within the States but also outside the States. Training and technical support is provided by TRIFED.