News Excerpt
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights intends to file an application to be allowed to intervene as an amicus curiae in the Supreme Court of India over the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA). The move was objected by India as The Citizenship Amendment Act is an internal matter and no foreign party has any locus standi on issues pertaining to our sovereignty.

Pre-Connect
●    The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UN Human Rights) is the leading UN entity on human rights. The General Assembly entrusted both the High Commissioner and her Office with a unique mandate to promote and protect all human rights for all people.
●    It assists governments, which bear the primary responsibility for the protection of human rights, to fulfil their obligations and supports individuals to claim their rights.
●    UN Human Rights is part of the United Nations Secretariat.

Analytica
UN Human Rights defence of its decision to file intervention application
→    While hailing the stated intention of CAA to offer protection to victims of religious persecution, the application questions the reasonableness and objectivity of the criterion of extending the benefits of the CAA to Buddhists, Sikhs, Hindus, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan alone.
→    It argues that this will have an adverse impact on human rights of excluded groups for example Ahmadi, Hazara and Shia Muslims in Pakistan who are also prosecuted.
→    It cites international human rights instruments to urge the inclusion of non-discrimination, equality before the law, and equal protection before the law into the foundation of a rule of law.

India’s objection
→    The Citizenship Amendment Act is an internal matter of India and concerns the sovereign right of the Indian Parliament to make laws.
→    No foreign party has any locus standi on issues pertaining to India’s sovereignty.
→    CAA is constitutionally valid and complies with all requirements of India’s constitutional values, and is reflective of our long-standing national commitment in respect of human rights issues arising from the tragedy of the Partition of India.

Possible implications of intervention
→    Negative international attention
→    Intervention may amount to questioning sovereignty of India.
→    If the application will be allowed, it may provide an overview of relevant and applicable international human rights standards and norms to support the Court's deliberations in the context of its review of the CAA.


UN Human Rights Council
    It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system.
    It is responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and making recommendations on them.
    The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member States which are elected by the UN General Assembly.
    The Council was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 15 March 2006 replaced the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights.


Amicus Curiae
It is a legal Latin phrase, literally translated as friend of the court, that refers to someone, not a party to a case, who volunteers to offer information on a point of law or some other aspect of the case to assist the court in deciding a matter before it.
The information may be a legal opinion in the form of a brief, testimony that has not been solicited by any of the parties, or a learned treatise on a matter that bears on the case. The decision whether to admit the information lies with the discretion of the court.


PEPPER IT WITH
UNHRC, Convention relating to status of refugees, Charter of the United Nations