Overseas Citizenship of India
In order to check the spread of coronavirus, Visa free travel facility granted to Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) card holders has been kept in abeyance till April 15th, 2020.
● The OCI Scheme was introduced by amending the Citizenship Act, 1955 in August 2005.
● Issuing an OCI card does not amount to conferment of “dual citizenship”. India does not have provision for dual citizenship.
● OCI does not confer political rights.
● The Person of Indian Origin (PIO) category has been merged with the OCI scheme.
→ The following categories of persons (except Pakistan and Bangladesh) are eligible to apply under OCI scheme:
o Who is a citizen of another country, but was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after, the commencement of the constitution; or
o Who is a citizen of another country, but was eligible to become a citizen of India at the time of the commencement of the constitution; or
o Who is a citizen of another country, but belonged to a territory that became part of India after the 15th day of August, 1947; or
o Who is a child or a grand-child or a great grandchild of such a citizen; or
→ A person, who is minor child of a person mentioned in clause (a); or
→ A person, who is a minor child, and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India; or
→ Spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder
Rights granted to Overseas Citizen of India
→ He is granted multiple entry, multi-purpose, life-long visa for visiting India
→ He/she is exempted from registration with Foreign Regional Registration Officer or Foreign Registration Officer for any length of stay in India
→ He/She is entitled to general parity with Non-Resident Indians in respect of all facilities available to them in economic, financial and educational fields except in matters relating to the acquisition of agricultural or plantation properties.
An overseas citizen of India shall not be entitled to the rights conferred on a citizen of India.
→ Under Article 16 of the Constitution with regard to equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
→ Under Article 58 of the Constitution for election as President.
→ Under Article 66 of the Constitution for election of Vice-President.
→ Under Article 124 of the Constitution for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
→ Under Article 217 of the Constitution for appointment as a Judge of the High Court.
→ Under Section 16 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950(43 of 1950) in regard to registration as a voter.
→ Under Sections 3 and 4 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) with regard to the eligibility for being a member of the House of the People or of the Council of States, as the case may be.
→ Under Section 5, 5A and 6 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) with regard to the eligibility for being a member of the Legislative Assembly or a Legislative Council, as the case may be, of a State.
→ For appointment to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or of any State except for appointment in such services and posts as the Central Government may by special order in that behalf specify.
An Indian citizen who is ordinarily residing outside India and holds an Indian Passport. or
If he/she is not in India for 182 days or more during the financial year or
If he/she is in India for less than 365 days during the 4 years preceding that year and less than 60 days in that year.
PEPPER IT WITH
Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas, Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana, Know India Program, Madad Portal, Vajra Scheme