News Excerpt
Recently, Government of India had organized a Defence Exhibition (DefExpo 2020) in Lucknow where first India-Africa Defence Minister’s Conclave organized in which India and 50 African countries adopted “Lucknow Deceleration”.  

Pre-Connect
•    In 2015, during the India-Africa forum summit, India-Africa Framework for Strategic Cooperation led to cementing of multi-faceted partnership.
•    India has contributed to the defence and security in African continent through setting up of Defence Academies and Colleges and deployment of training teams in several African Countries. India also provides defence equipment and ammunitions and Training programmes.
•    India also participated in the humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations such as during cyclone IDAI in Mozambique in 2019.
•    In, 2019 first India-Africa field training exercises AFINDEX which will further strengthen cooperation in defence preparedness and security.
•    India has participated in almost all the peacekeeping operations in Africa, along with many other African countries

Key Highlights
    On Peace and Security
o    It calls for conflict prevention, resolution, management and peacebuilding.
o    It also calls for increasing the participation of Women in peacekeeping.
    On Maritime Security
o    It calls for exchange of expertise and training for better Maritime cooperation.
o    It calls for strengthening regional and continental early warning capacities and mechanisms.
    On Terrorism
o    It calls for taking resolute action against the menace of terrorism and root out all its forms and manifestations by eliminating its financing channels.
o    It also focused on halting the cross-border movement of terrorists.
o    It also urges the international community for the earliest adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism in the UNGA.
    On Indo-Pacific and SAGAR
o    It calls for enhanced cooperation between India and Africa on the evolving concept of Indo-Pacific.
o    It supports the India’s vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for all in the Region) which is in tandem with the African Unions vision for peace and security in Africa.
    On UNSC
o    It calls for ensuring strict compliance with UNSC sanctions regime on terrorism.


Status of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)
    India since 1996 had called for an intergovernmental convention to deal with International terrorism and enhance and prosecution and extradition of terrorists.
    However, there is no larger consensus among the global players over the adoption of terrorism convention.
    Discussions time and again had led to three major protocols which are:
o    International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings, adopted on 15 December 1997
o    International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, adopted on 9 December 1999
o    International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, adopted on 13 April 2005.

SAGAR
It is India’s vision for the larger Indian Ocean. It includes elements such as:
o    Safeguarding land and maritime territories. Addressing threats such as piracy and terrorism.
o    Economic and security cooperation with littoral states.
o    Capacity Building for better disaster management.

PEPPER IT WITH
Africa Peace and Security Architecture, Silence the guns in Africa, Agenda 2063