Recently, there were reports from the parts of Punjab and Haryana that there has been a detection of Yellow rust in the wheat crop. This has raised concern regarding the yield of crop. It is linked to the recent rains coupled with increased temperature and humid conditions supporting the yellow rust.
About Yellow Rust
● It is a fungal disease also known as stripe rust.
● It attacks the leaves of the wheat crop by restricting the photosynthesis and thereby causing shriveling of grain size.
● It is considered as the cool weather disease in the northern and north western region.
How to Counter?
⮚ There is need to develop varieties which are resistant to such phenomenon
⮚ Further, the variants must be now effective and unlike the previous one must not be ineffective due to the acquisition of virulence to that particular resistance gene rendering the variety susceptible.
It is rabi crop i.e. sown in (October-December) and harvested from April onwards.
It requires temperature between 10-15 degree Celsius during the sowing while 21-26 degree during harvesting with bright sunlight. The rainfall requirement is around 75-100 cm
Major soil type of wheat lies in the Ganga-Sutlej plains and in the deccan i.e. fertile loamy and Black soil respectively.
It is second most important cereal crop in Northern and north western India.
China is the largest while India is the second largest producer of Wheat
Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan are top 5 wheat producing states.
PEPPER IT WITH
Brown Rust, Black Rust, Blast Disease