News Excerpt
Recently, six judges of the apex court of India were confirmed to be affected by Swine flu which is caused by the H1N1 virus.

About Swine Flu
●    It is a viral disease (highly contagious acute respiratory disease) also known as pig influenza, hog flu and pig flu.
●    It is caused by swine influenza viruses (belonging to orthomyxovirus family) which are endemic to pigs.
●    It is a subtype of Influenza A (H1N1) which affects humans the most.
●    The virus contains glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase. These perform two functions
o    The former clumps and binds red blood cells with virus in the infected cell.
o    Latter is a type of glycoside hydrolase enzyme which provides mobility to virus particles to move from one infected cell to another.
●    Commonly it spreads with direct exposure to pigs, however, there have been instances of human to human spread.
●    Its treatment includes anti-viral medication and Intravenous (IV) fluids.

COVID-19, Zoonotic Diseases, SARS, EBOLA, MERS