The Delhi Model of Education
There have been two kinds of education model in the country: one for the classes and another for the masses. The Delhi government sought to bridge this gap. Its approach stems from the belief that quality education is a necessity, not a luxury. Hence, it built a model which essentially has five major components and is supported by nearly 25% of the State budget. The validation of this model now creates a pathway for the set of reforms.
Key Components of the Model
• The first component of the education model is the transformation of school infrastructure. Dilapidated school buildings that lack basic facilities not only indicate the apathy of the government, but also significantly lower the motivation of teachers and the enthusiasm of students.
• The second component is the training of teachers and principals. Apart from the fact that a forum was created to encourage peer learning among them, several opportunities were given to teachers for their professional growth. They visited Cambridge University; the National Institute of Education, Singapore; IIM Ahmedabad; and other models of excellence in India. The exposure to new pedagogy and leadership training enabled Delhi to gradually move away from a uniform training model for all to learn from the best practices in India and abroad.
• The third component involved engaging with the community by reconstituting school management committees (SMC). The annual budget of each SMC is ₹5-7 lakh. The SMCs can spend this money on any material or activity, such as even hiring teachers on a short-term basis. Regular dialogue between teachers and parents was initiated through mega parent-teacher meetings.
• Fourth, there have been major curricular reforms in teaching learning. Special initiatives to ensure that all children learn to read, write and do basic mathematics was launched and made part of regular teaching learning activities in schools.
• Fifth, there was no fee increase in private schools. While the first four components impacted nearly 34% of children in Delhi’s government schools, arbitrary fee hikes earlier impacted about 40% of children who go to private schools. In the past, almost all the schools increased their fee 8-15% annually.
Today, the Delhi education model is considered to be the best model in the country and the transformation in the education system under the Delhi model should be replicated to raise the standards of education in India. The Delhi school of model will ensure both effective financial management and also better educational standards. For a better future of India, the government needs to give quality education to their students. Government also needs to take action on our National Education policy for the betterment of the education systems in India.