News Excerpt
The Union Cabinet has approved the constitution of the 22nd Law Commission of India, for a period of three years.

Pre-Connect
•    In pursuance of the authority conferred by Sec. 53 of the Charter of 1833, the first Law Commission was appointed in India in 1834. The commission consisted of Lord T.B. Macaulay. The commission was assigned the following tasks:
a)    Codification of penal law;
b)    The law applicable to non-Hindus and non-Muslims in respect of their various rights (Lex Loci Report);
c)    Codification of civil and criminal procedural law etc, etc.
•    The Commission shall on a reference made to it by the Central Government or suo-motu, undertake research in law and review of existing laws in India for making reforms therein and enacting new legislations.
•    It shall also undertake studies and research for bringing reforms in the justice delivery systems for elimination of delay in procedures, speedy disposal of cases, reduction in cost of litigation etc.
•    Before finalizing its recommendations, the Commission will consult the nodal Ministry/ Department (s) and such other stakeholders as the Commission may deem necessary for the purpose.

Analytica
    The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time.
    The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 for independent India and is re-constituted every three years.
    The tenure of twenty-first Law Commission of India was upto 31st August, 2018.
    The various Law Commission have been able to make important contribution towards the progressive development and codification of Law of the country. The Law Commission has so far submitted 277 reports.
    The 22nd Law Commission will be constituted for a period of three years from the date of publication of its Order in the Official Gazette.
    It will consist of:
o    A full-time Chairperson;
o    Four full-time Members (including Member-Secretary)
o    Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member;
o    Secretary, Legislative Department as ex officio Member; and
o    Not more than five part-time Members.

Conclusion
The last Law Commission, under Justice B.S. Chauhan (retd.), had submitted reports and working papers on key issues such as simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the Assemblies and a uniform civil code. While it supported simultaneous polls, the Commission had said the time for a common code was not yet ripe. Hence, the Law Commission advises the government on complex legal issues on a regular basis.

Mandates of the Commission
    Identify laws which are no longer needed or relevant and can be immediately repealed;
    Examine the existing laws in the light of Directive Principles of State Policy and suggest ways of improvement and reform and also suggest such legislations as might be necessary to implement the Directive Principles and to attain the objectives set out in the Preamble of the Constitution;
    Consider and convey to the Government its views on any subject relating to law and judicial administration that may be specifically referred to it by the Government through Ministry of Law and Justice (Department of Legal Affairs);
    Consider the requests for providing research to any foreign countries as may be referred to it by the Government through Ministry of Law and Justice (Department of Legal Affairs);
    Take all such measures as may be necessary to harness law and the legal process in the service of the poor;
    Revise the Central Acts of general importance so as to simplify them and remove anomalies, ambiguities and inequities;