News Excerpt
Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power and New & Renewable Energy and Minister of State for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship recently released the ‘State Energy Efficiency Index 2019’, which tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency (EE) initiatives in 36 states and union territories based on 97 significant indicators.

•    The index is developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in association with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE).
•    The first such Index, the “State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index 2018”, was launched on August 1, 2018.  
•    State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 incorporates qualitative, quantitative and outcome-based indicators to assess energy efficiency initiatives, programs and outcomes in five distinct sectors – buildings, industry, municipalities, transport, agriculture, and DISCOMs. New indicators for this year include adoption of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2017, energy efficiency in MSME clusters, etc.

    The State Energy Efficiency Index categorises states as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’ based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation.
    Haryana, Karnataka and Kerala have topped the State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 and were kept under the ‘Achiever’ category.
    For rational comparison, States/UTs are grouped into four groups based on aggregated Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) required to meet the state’s actual energy demand (electricity, coal, oil, gas, etc.) across sectors.

    Rate of progress in energy efficiency is slowing.
    Digitalisation can unlock more efficiency by providing gains in end-use efficiency & other services, such as flexible load, that increase the efficiency of the entire system.
    Most of the first-generation energy efficiency policies prepared by BEE under programmes on Standards & Labelling (S&L), ECBC, Perform Achieve & Trade (PAT), etc. are understood by states but more emphasis must be given on ensuring greater compliance to achieve savings.
    In the industrial sector, 35 industrial units across 13 States reduced their energy intensity through the adoption of EE measures, based on data gleaned from energy conservation awards. On a positive note, 11 States have installed centralized control and monitoring systems for street-lighting in some municipalities within the State. In the transport sector, six States have released Electric Vehicle (EV).
    Mandatory compliance checks.

Way Forward
    Proactive role must be embraced by states in policy formulation and implementation to shift the focus from “policies in place” to “policies successfully implemented”.  
    Strengthening the mechanism for data capture, management and public availability of data: For this year’s Index, State Designated Agencies (SDAs) proactively contacted various state departments to gather data. However, SDAs should further enhance their engagement with state departments and private sector to enable a robust mechanism for Energy Data Management System.
    Enhancing the credibility of EE schemes: Ensuring the integrity of programs that have direct or indirect linkages with common consumers is significant to energy efficiency market transformation. States must demonstrate an approach which includes enforcement and compliance checks as well as independent monitoring and verification of savings, which is integral to all EE policies and programs.
    Thus, efficient use of energy is the fastest, cheapest and cleanest way to meet India’s rising energy demand and power the nation’s growth. The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index will help in implementing national energy efficiency initiatives in states and meet both State as well as national goals on energy security, energy access and climate change.

BEE, ECBC, Perform Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme, Indo-Japan Energy Dialogue.